Guide you how to alzheimer's disease treatment

Guide you how to alzheimer's disease treatment

Current treatments for Alzheimer's disease cannot cure, but only stop at alleviating symptoms to maintain quality of life and prevent progression of the disease. However, it has also been of great help to patients and family members, reducing the burden of disease.

Treatment for Alzheimer's disease is a combination of medication, cognitive function training, and an active regimen.

Medicines for Alzheimer's

Most medications for Alzheimer's work best for patients in the early or middle stages.

How to treat mild to moderate Alzheimer's

Anticholinesterase drugs are often given to patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's. They prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine. This is a brain chemical that is important for memory and thinking. As a result, the drug relieves some symptoms and provides better behavioral control. These drugs include: galantamine, rivastigmine, donepezil.

However, as Alzheimer's disease progresses, the brain produces less and less acetylcholine. Accordingly, the effect of anticholinesterase drugs will decrease or disappear.

Drugs for moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease

Guide you how to treat Alzheimer's disease

For patients with mid- and late-stage Alzheimer's, doctors may prescribe memantine. The main effect is to help relieve symptoms so that the person can maintain certain daily functions for longer.

Memantine treats Alzheimer's disease by regulating the amount of glutamate, an important brain chemical, preventing excessive glutamate levels from leading to brain cell death. This medicine works differently than an anticholinesterase drug, so your doctor may prescribe two at the same time.

Medications to treat symptoms

Behavioral Controls: Prescribed only if other medications fail. These include: citalopram, mirtazapine, sertraline, bupropion, duloxetine, imipramine. People with Alzheimer's can experience common behavioral symptoms such as insomnia, straying, agitation, anxiety, aggression, restlessness, and depression. When they control their behavior, patients will feel more comfortable in life and caregivers will be less burdened.

Sleeping pills: Representative is zolpidem, eszopiclone, zaleplon. While these medications can help patients fall asleep easily and stay asleep, they can also make them less alert and more likely to fall.

Anti-anxiety medications: Some anti-anxiety medications that patients can take are lorazepam and clonazepam. These medications help reduce agitation, but can cause drowsiness, dizziness, easy falls, or loss of consciousness. Doctors usually only prescribe these drugs for a short time.

Anticonvulsants: Commonly seen are sodium valproate, carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine. The side effects of this drug are drowsiness, dizziness, mood swings, and loss of alertness.

Antipsychotics: risperidone, quetiapine, olanzapine. This class of drugs can help people with Alzheimer's disease reduce delusions, hallucinations, or agitation. However, the drug has a very serious side effect that can increase the risk of death in elderly people with dementia. Because of this side effect, the drug is usually only prescribed for people with severe Alzheimer's disease.

These drugs have many dangerous side effects, so they should only be used if treatment with other drugs does not improve.

Precautions when taking drugs to treat Alzheimer's disease

Precautions when taking drugs to treat Alzheimer's disease

Patients should be started with the lowest dose and then gradually increased until the desired effect is achieved, stopping at that dose. The timing of initiation of the drug should be carefully monitored because Alzheimer's drugs almost always cause some side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and loss of appetite. If you notice any strange symptoms, notify your doctor immediately.

Caregivers of Alzheimer's patients should follow their doctor's instructions when giving them any medication, including vitamin supplements or supplements. Also, let your doctor know before adding or changing any of your medications.

Training cognitive function to treat Alzheimer's disease

When nerve cells are trained, it can slow down the aging process. Namely memory, mental flexibility, muscle command or breathing.

You should do mental activities with Alzheimer's patients such as playing chess, doing word puzzles, playing musical instruments, participating in group games or interacting with a group of people. This approach has been shown to reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, slowing the progression of the disease.

Healthy lifestyle

Healthy lifestyle

People with Alzheimer's disease should have a healthier diet. Focus on foods rich in antioxidants to protect the brain, including fresh fruits, dark green vegetables, cold water fish (salmon, mackerel, tuna ...), nuts, soybeans. Drinking 1-2 glasses of alcohol a day when treating Alzheimer's has also been shown to increase acetylcholine release. In addition, should focus on food diversity to have an abundant source of nutrients, avoid animal fats (fat, offal, skin) or processed foods containing harmful additives.

Patients also need daily exercise to promote cerebral circulation. Gentle, safe exercises such as brisk walking, playing badminton, gardening, meditation, tai chi... This is also a way to have a relaxed spirit besides organizing groups to meet friends raft.

While treatments for Alzheimer's disease do not completely cure the disease, they can relieve uncomfortable symptoms and maintain independence and comfort in daily life, thereby relieving some of the responsibility for Alzheimer's disease caregiver.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of loss of concentration, memory impairment as well as measures to help you solve memory problems. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about loss of concentration, memory impairment.

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