Periodontal disease is what disease, its cause and prevention

Periodontal disease is what disease, its cause and prevention

Periodontal is inflammation of the organization around the teeth, affecting the structure that supports the teeth, causing the teeth to lose connection with this supportive organization. Oral health problems have become a problem in recent years, especially periodontal disease is one of the most common oral health problems. However, not everyone understands about periodontal disease so that there is timely treatment that leads to the risks of facing many serious health complications. So what is periodontal disease, how to treat and prevent it, today let's find out more details through the article below.

What is periodontal disease

Periodontal disease is a condition that occurs when your oral health is in trouble, especially an infection that causes inflammation of the gums and the bones around the teeth. Red swollen and sometimes bleeding gums, if not treated in time, this condition risks progressing to periodontitis. At that time, the patient will have gums and even lose teeth. Periodontal disease can occur in all people with poor oral hygiene, mostly in adults.

Symptoms and warning signs of periodontal disease

Periodontal disease occurs when you feel your gums change from pink to red, and your gums become swollen, red, soft and bleed easily, you are more likely to have periodontal disease. In addition to the red, swollen gums you may experience unusual manifestations such as the gums sometimes turning bruised and a painful sensation when touching them with your hands, the crowns of the teeth appear longer than usual due to Gums tend to slip, teeth are sparser. In some severe cases, when not treated in time, pus can form between the gums and teeth, bleeding when brushing or flossing, even when you floss, your teeth are loose, and interfere with chewing. Food in the mouth has a metallic taste.

Symptoms and warning signs of periodontal disease

What is the cause of periodontal disease

Periodontal disease occurs when your oral hygiene is poor, food scraps get stuck in the teeth, leading to bacteria build up on the teeth to form plaque, over time plaque grows along follow the contour of the gums, which hinders cleaning teeth and allows bacteria to continue to stick on the teeth and grow. Plaques that, if left untreated, can lead to gingivitis and turn into periodontitis over time.

Factors that increase your risk of periodontal disease

In addition to poor oral hygiene that leads to plaque buildup on the teeth by bacteria, periodontal disease can also occur when you accidentally commit bad habits over a long period of time or change endocrine. Factors in the body also inadvertently cause you to get periodontal disease.

Smoking cigarettes regularly: Smoking is a bad habit that affects the health of the respiratory tract, not only it also contributes to the development of problems in the gums and teeth, but also reduces effectiveness. As a result, smoking a lot causes dry mouth and is a common cause of dental health problems.

Smoking cigarettes regularly

Female Hormonal Changes: Female hormone levels can change during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause. This change can inadvertently increase your risk of developing periodontal disease.

Diabetes: People with diabetes tend to have higher blood sugar levels than the average person, high blood sugar causes a higher incidence of gingivitis or even periodontitis than others.

HIV / AIDS: When the body's immune system is severely weakened, gum infections are more likely to occur in people with this health problem because their immune systems are severely weakened.

Cancer: the presence of mutated cells and their treatments (chemotherapy, radiation, etc.) are more likely to increase the risk of developing periodontal disease.

In addition to the factors listed above, some of the side effects of these medications also increase your risk of periodontal disease, such as antihypertensive drugs, vasodilators, immunosuppressants, and medications decreased salivary glands.

Genetic factors: in some cases weak, susceptible gums may also be linked to a genetic predisposition.

Periodontal disease unpredictable

In addition to having a serious impact on dental health, prolonged periodontal disease also risks negatively affecting overall health by contributing to a number of serious illnesses such as respiratory problems, difficulty controlling blood sugar and heart problems such as coronary artery disease, stroke. Pregnant women with periodontal disease are at risk for pre-eclampsia and premature birth and can affect their baby's weight at birth.

Periodontal disease unpredictable

Treatment methods for periodontal disease

When periodontal disease is not in its early stages, you can choose the following simple measures.

Tartar removal: Remove surface plaque as well as bacteria that accumulate on the surface of teeth and under the gums by using sound waves, lasers or specialized dental tools.

Root brush: Use a special toothbrush to rub the surface of the teeth to smooth the root surface, thereby preventing bacteria from continuing to stick to the teeth to form plaque.

Take antibiotics: Take antibiotics to kill harmful bacteria, because bacteria are the root cause of periodontal disease, using antibiotics will be effective in controlling infection coincide.

In the event of severe progression of periodontal disease or the inability to respond well to non-invasive treatments, dental surgery will be the last resort you can choose.

Real surgery to treat periodontal disease

Periodontal pocket reduction surgery: The daily remedy helps to reduce the depth of the periodontal sac or prevent periodontal disease from developing worse by making one or more small incisions in the gum to expose the root, from That aids in the process of liming and brushing more easily.

Soft tissue transplant: uses tissue from the palate to fill in the gums that are damaged and lost due to periodontal disease.

Dental enamel transplantation: Adding enamel for stronger teeth, removing damaged or eroded tooth enamel, to overcome this situation will conduct the process of grafting enamel from synthetic bone or donation.

Application of regenerative enamel: the doctor places a special gel containing the proteins present in the enamel on the root of the tooth with the inflamed gums. The addition of these proteins will stimulate healthy bones and soft tissues.

Habits help prevent periodontal disease

To prevent periodontal disease, you should eliminate bad habits and replace them with good ones like.

Oral hygiene: Regular hygiene at least 2 times a day, brush your teeth in the morning after waking up and at night before going to bed, use a soft toothbrush to brush your teeth. Don't forget to change the brush after 3 - 4 months. Use mouthwash, floss in combination with brushing to completely remove the plaque between the teeth after eating.

Regular oral hygiene to prevent periodontal disease

Finally, you should see your dentist periodically to check your oral health, to ensure the best oral health.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of gingivitis as well as measures to help you solve gingivitis problems. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Gingivitis And Periodontal Disease.

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