Signs of periodontitis, methods of treatment and prevention

Signs of periodontitis, methods of treatment and prevention

Periodontal disease is a very common disease of the oral region, common in the middle age, the elderly and is one of the common causes of tooth loss in adults. Periodontitis is a common oral disease today, periodontitis occurs in all ages and all genders, periodontitis is common in both young and old. When the patient suffers from periodontitis, there are symptoms such as bleeding at the root, bleeding in the gums, swelling of the gums.... So what is periodontal disease, is it dangerous, and measures to treat and prevent how. Today let us find out more details through this article.

Periodontitis is what disease

Periodontitis, also known as periodontal disease, is an inflammation of the oral cavity, the gum tissue surrounding the teeth becomes inflamed and causes serious damage. Periodontitis is divided into two main groups of periodontitis and gingivitis. Periodontitis is the later stage of gingivitis.

Gingivitis: Gingivitis usually occurs during puberty. Regular oral hygiene results in a build-up of plaque and inflammation of the gums.

Periodontitis: When gingivitis is left untreated, it can lead to periodontitis in adolescents and older.

Poor daily oral hygiene allows bacteria to grow and stick on your teeth, causing gingivitis, and over time the disease develops into periodontal disease. This is considered the main cause of periodontitis. In addition, some of the following factors increase the risk of disease such as inattention to oral care, inadequate nutrition, science, impaired resistance due to disease (HIV / AIDS) or pregnancy. Pregnancy, some diseases such as diabetes, body infection, frequent smoking are the following factors that increase the risk of periodontal disease.

Regular smoking is the following factor to increase the risk of periodontal disease

Stages of periodontitis

Stage 1: Poor personal hygiene leads to the formation of tartar and tartar, which allows bacteria to accumulate in plaque between teeth, tooth neck, and gum line and irritate the gums, leading to gingivitis.

Stage 2: In this stage, the gums begin to become inflamed, swollen and bleeding, and in severe cases, bleeding when chewing food or brushing teeth.

Stage 3: Gingivitis is not treated in time, leading to periodontitis. From where form colonies containing pus in the gums.

Stage 4: The most severe stage of periodontal disease, periodontitis destroys the bones of the alveoli, deprives the gums, leading to loose teeth and possibly tooth loss.

Periodontal disease can be cured if you detect it early and treat it in a timely manner.

Signs of periodontitis

Periodontitis is very easy to recognize, especially if you look at your teeth in the mirror, you can easily tell if you have periodontitis or not. Some signs of periodontitis such as tartar, tartar plaque in the neck, swelling gums, gums, bleeding in the gums, especially when brushing or chewing food, press on the gum area, Swollen gums can see pus discharge, bad breath, when chewing food, teeth are not normal, teeth are loose, teeth are open due to displacement.

If you find that you have some of the signs of periodontitis, you should see your dentist early for advice on treatment. Depending on the severity and inflammation, your doctor will recommend the right treatment.

Signs of periodontitis

Urgent treatment of periodontitis

If you feel abscesses in the area of ​​the gums or an inflamed mucosa. If you feel pain when touching the abscess (more or less), the mucous layer is red, you need urgent treatment for periodontitis. Treatment options are usually antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Non-surgical treatment for periodontitis

Some mild cases of periodontitis can be treated without surgery to treat, Depending on the condition of periodontitis, there will be treatment measures such as Apply anti-inflammatory and antiseptic to the gum area, inflamed gums, swelling, tartar removal, tartar, fixed loose teeth, extraction of teeth that cannot be held.

Surgical treatment with periodontal disease

In cases where other methods have been treated but are ineffective, surgery is required to treat periodontitis.

Periodontal pocket surgery: This method reduces the size of the periodontal pocket to facilitate the cleaning of plaque containing bacteria on the teeth.

Reconstructive Surgery: This method helps regenerate periodontal tissues and bones when the periodontal sacs have been removed.

Soft tissue graft surgery: The method helps to graft soft tissues to limit the loss of gums and restore the organization around the teeth, stop the loss of gums and reveal the root. Soft tissue grafting surgery can be performed in one or more teeth, reducing sensitivity, and ensuring aesthetic gum contour.

Treatment of periodontitis

Maintenance treatment of periodontitis

When periodontal disease is cured, do not be subjective, periodontal disease should be maintained when the disease is stable. To visit periodically, regularly follow up to promptly detect, in case the disease recurs or progresses.

How periodontal disease is prevented

There are many preventive measures to prevent periodontitis, you can prevent it with the measures below.

Regular oral hygiene, brush your teeth at least 2 times a day. You need to brush your teeth after waking up in the morning and before going to bed in the evening with a soft toothbrush and toothpaste, mouthwash containing flour. You still need to floss to clean your teeth after a meal, where the toothbrush cannot be cleaned to get food stuck between your teeth.

Regular oral hygiene to prevent periodontitis

Periodic dental examination, taking tartar every 6 months to limit tartar causing gingivitis leading to periodontitis.

Eating scientifically and properly helps strengthen the body's resistance, you need to limit foods high in sugar such as cakes, candies ... Regularly add green vegetables to limit the growth of harmful bacteria. and strengthen the body's resistance.

Periodontal disease can be recognized early through signs such as swelling of the gums, bleeding gums, loose teeth. Therefore, when you notice signs of the disease, you should visit medical facilities to visit examination and treatment, to avoid possible dangerous complications.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of gingivitis as well as measures to help you solve gingivitis problems. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Gingivitis And Periodontal Disease.

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