Arthritis - Causes And Precautions

Arthritis - Causes And Precautions

Arthritis is a common disease, if it is not detected and treated early, it can lead to the risk of joint attachment, affecting the mobility of the patient. As time passes as you get older, you will be faced with a variety of health problems. Besides heart problems or diabetes (diabetes), arthritis is also common in people of this age group. Not only the elderly but also the young people are also at risk of these health problems, the number of patients has limited ability to function, significantly affecting daily work. Today we will learn what arthritis is, is it dangerous, what causes it, what is the treatment and prevention method of it. The following article will help better understand Arthritis.

What is Arthritis

Arthritis is not a specific disease. Arthritis is the term used to refer to more than 200 diseases of the joint caused by inflammation. Among them, the most popular are:

Osteoarthritis

Joints are "junctions" between two bones together, joints play a role in supporting the body to move flexibly. Over time, our joints can be eroded, causing the ends of bones to rub against each other, causing pain and discomfort when moving. This prolonged condition we call it osteoarthritis or degenerative joint disease. Severe illness that is not treated in time can lead to deformity of the joint and also cause the bones to deviate from their original position and damage surrounding organs, such as ligaments or nerve roots. The joints that are susceptible to deterioration or damage are usually the ones that are overactive, such as the knees, spine, hands, and ankles.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) occurs when their immune system mistakenly attacks connective tissue and causes inflammation. This condition, if not well controlled, can lead to degenerative joint disease. Age-indiscriminate rheumatoid arthritis occurs at all ages (most commonly aged 40-50), arthritis often presents with fatigue and prolonged stiffness after rest. This long-term health condition can have a serious impact on life and even death due to its effects on certain cardiovascular conditions, such as ischemic heart disease or stroke.

Several other common types of arthritis

Besides osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the two most common problems, common diseases we often encounter such as:

- Ankylosing spondylitis.
- Gout.
- juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
- Psoriatic arthritis.
- Reactive arthritis.
- Infectious arthritis.
- Polyarthritis.

Several other common types of arthritis

Cause Of Arthritis

Each type of arthritis has a different cause of disease. They can be mentioned as:

Physical injury: Is one of the most important factors directly leading to degeneration, especially when the target is young.

Problematic metabolism in the body: contributes to gout and pseudo-gout.

Hereditary Factors: A young person with osteoarthritis may be inherited from parents. You may know some arthritis diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus or ankylosing spondylitis you may have due to a genetic predisposition.

Infections: A number of infections related diseases can potentially affect joints and cause inflammation.

Immune system dysfunction: An important cause of problems such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus.

Risk Factors That Causes Arthritis For You

In addition to the causes of arthritis, we've also listed the risks that can help you get arthritis.

Age: The older you get, the more likely you will have arthritis.

Gender: According to statistics, more than 60% of women are people with arthritis. However, in contrast, gout occurs more often in men.

Obesity: All types of obesity or being overweight not only contribute to the development of arthritis, but also promote more serious disease.

Poor nutrition plan: You eat foods high in purine for a long time, such as seafood, red meat, alcohol, and for a long time, it is easy to stimulate gout to develop.

The nature of work: Some jobs require you to regularly squat, stand a lot, bend your knees. When the condition persists, you are at a higher risk of developing arthritis, and more specifically, degenerative joint function abuse.

Medical history: If you have had high blood pressure, high blood pressure, or cardiovascular disease, your rate of arthritis is very high.

Smoking: Your smoking habits adversely affect chronic breathing problems. In some cases, this condition can facilitate the development of arthritis.

Risk Factors That Causes Arthritis For You

Symptoms of arthritis and what you need to know

Arthritis may differ from person to person and location to person, because it depends on what type of arthritis you are experiencing. Most of the time, the disease is chronic, so symptoms can come and go on their own or last without stopping:

Unpleasant aches and pains: Prolonged soreness and discomfort that can affect one or more parts of the body.

Swollen joints: The skin at the site of an inflamed joint can be affected and becomes red and swollen.

Joint stiffness: You feel that your joints are hard to move and move.This is also a typical symptom of arthritis, you may get stiffness in the morning, after a period of sitting or driving, after exercising. exercise.

Difficulty in joint movement: Often accompanied by pain and stiffness in the joints that interfere with your activities and severe pain when moving to that joint.

Complications Of Arthritis
If it is not treated promptly, arthritis can lead to many dangerous complications, such as:

- Formation of bone spines.
- Damage to nerves and blood vessels in the body.
- Normal impairment of mobility, thereby losing the ability to work.
- Muscle atrophy, permanent paralysis.
- Cardiovascular disease.

Diagnosis of Arthritis

X-ray: A method to help you observe cartilage wear and bone formation. It is helpful in assessing the body's ability to respond to a treatment regimen, and at the same time monitoring disease development.

CT scan and MRI: A method that helps you see in detail the condition in the bones, joints, and surrounding soft tissues, such as tendons and ligaments.

Blood test: This method helps you look for the presence of some antibodies such as anti-CCP, rheumatoid factor (RF), antinuclear antibody (ANA) ... From there, experts can suggest conclude what type of arthritis you have.

Effective Treatments for Arthritis

Once we have determined what arthritis is going on, we will recommend the best treatment for you. The goals of treating arthritis include:

- Control the pain of arthritis
- Minimize joint damage to the lowest possible level.
- Improve or maintain joint function.

Solutions include:

What are the medicines for arthritis

The commonly used medications for arthritis are:

Pain relievers: paracetamol, tramadol, hydrocodone ... are common drugs that you can use that have pain relieving effects. However, patients should be aware that they do not have anti-inflammatory effects.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): Helps joints fight inflammation. Common ones can be mentioned as ibuprofen, naproxen ... are used in the form of oral medicine, creams or patches.

Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs): supports the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, has the ability to slow disease progression or prevent white blood cells from continuing to attack joints. Methotrexate and hydroxychloroquine are the two most commonly used drugs.

What are the medicines for arthritis

Biological agents: Focuses on protein molecules involved in your body's immune response.

Corticosteroids: Prednisone and cortisone have anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects.

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Surgery

For people with serious arthritis, surgery will be the necessary option. Possible surgeries include:
- Bone-forming surgery.
- Surgery to stiffen joints.
- Joint replacement surgery.

Arthritis treatment at home

In addition to the arthritis treatments we mentioned above, a few small lifestyle changes can also help you manage your arthritis, such as:

Practicing good habits: Exercising regularly, exercising regularly, and not smoking have many health benefits for controlling disease development, while improving overall health.

Balance physical activity and rest: a reasonable resting regimen is important for facilitating your body's own mechanisms of self-healing.

Daily monitoring of the disease: Every day you continuously monitor symptoms, intensity of pain as well as potential side effects of the drug to have timely intervention and good control of pain and fatigue can improve a person's quality of life.

Improved sleep: If you do not get enough sleep or your sleep is not good, joint pain symptoms can worsen. You need to practice sleep hygiene that can help with this.

Do not maintain a position for a long time: Sitting in a fixed position or lying down a lot, you risk causing the joint to lose more flexibility, gradually decreasing mobility.

Build a healthy diet: a healthy, balanced diet that not only helps you stay in good health, but also maintains a healthy weight, but also aids in good inflammation control.

Foods To Eat When You Have Arthritis

There is no specific diet that can cure radical arthritis. However, only these meals relieved the disease. Some of the following foods that can help sick people include:
- Fish, especially fatty fish like salmon, mackerel ...
- Nuts and beans.
- Vegetables and fruits.
- Olive oil.
- Whole grains.

Foods To Eat When You Have Arthritis

Foods To Avoid When You Have Arthritis

In addition to the above recommended foods, we also help you to limit certain foods that can cause serious disease progression, such as tomatoes. Tomatoes contain the active ingredient solanine, which has the potential to adversely affect arthritis pain.

Measures to prevent arthritis

However, you can still reduce your risk with some tips like

- Maintain a healthy weight, eat a healthy diet and exercise properly.
- For women, avoid wearing high heels.
- Be careful when walking, avoid injury to happen.
- Add enough water as well as vitamin D necessary for the body.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Arthritis as well as quick pain relief. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Arthritis !

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>>> You can refer to: Knee swelling (knee pain)

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