Arthritis of the knee: Causes, signs and treatment

Arthritis of the knee: Causes, signs and treatment

Knee arthritis causes swelling and pain in the knee and causes the inner cartilage to be eroded, seriously affecting the movement and activities of the patient. Knee pain is a common condition today, knee pain causes uncomfortable pain, impaired mobility and affects the quality of daily life in many people. So what is knee arthritis, the cause of the disease and how to cure and prevent it. Today, join us to find out details through the article below.

What is arthritis of the knee

As a very important organ that helps the knee to support the body, they are located at the junction of the femur, kneecap and shin bone, so the knee joint often suffers a lot of pressure from the body, the knee joint is Covered by a layer of cartilage with a lubricating effect, helping joints work more flexibly and is considered to buffer in the joints.

The condition of the cartilage and bone joints gradually eroded, becoming rough and losing lubrication leading to knee arthritis, when the knee joint moves the bones will rub together causing inflammation, when the cartilage layers with eroded, the shock absorbing function between the two joints of the cartilage layer is also reduced and you will suffer very uncomfortable pain, from which the mobility also becomes less and less flexible as original.

causes of knee pain in young people

Depending on the degree of progression of the disease, medicine divides knee arthritis into the following stages:

First stage: At this stage, the patient still does not have specific symptoms such as pain or pain, you cannot detect the disease, you can only detect the disease through regular physical examination. At this stage, the joint cartilage is slightly damaged and small bone spines appear in the knee.

Light stage: At this stage, the spines of the knee appear more, and the cartilage layer in the middle becomes thinner. Symptoms are usually only transient and progress in silence.

Middle stage: At this stage the first part of the bone gradually narrows and the sun is damaged more heavily, when you move, you will always feel very uncomfortable pain, over time decrease your mobility be greatly affected.

Severe stage: This is the last stage of knee arthritis, so it is much more dangerous. The cartilage begins to break a lot, and in some cases, the cartilage and lubricant may be lost as well. Often patients at this stage, the knee bone has gradually deformed.

However, arthritis of the knee is not too dangerous a disease, but they can also be the initial manifestation of many other osteoarthritis diseases such as disc herniation, arthritis, ... So if you find yourself in If you suffer from osteoarthritis, you should treat it immediately so that the disease does not cause dangerous complications such as muscle atrophy, joint deformity, polio and seriously affects your mobility.

Painful knee arthritis occurs from where

Painful knee pain can have many different causes, knowing the cause will help you find the most suitable treatment, so let's explore the reasons in detail. The most common cause of arthritis of the knee that you need to pay attention to:

Age, gender: As time goes by, your aging is always proportional to your age and happens inside the body more and more rapidly. The recovery of impaired damage as well as the self-healing of damage in joint cartilage is also reduced and the formation of painful knee arthritis as well as many other osteoarthritis diseases.

Older people have a higher risk of arthritis than younger people

Genetics: Arthritis of the knee is also possible due to genetic factors.

Weight: When the weight of your body increases, the pressure on the knee joint increases. This condition, if it goes on for a long time, will gradually weaken the knee joint and cause disease.

Bad habits: You often squat, sit cross-legged, be inactive, wear high heels often, abuse stimulants, these are your daily bad habits that will have a very negative impact. Painful knee pain that you need to work on.

Injuries: You have experienced traffic accidents, occupational accidents and left knee injuries, these injuries are the main cause of painful knee arthritis.

A knee injury is also a cause. The extreme pressure from the outside will cause serious damage to the knee joint, after treatment it can still cause very uncomfortable pain, making it difficult for the patient to move.

The nature of the job: The jobs that need strong mobility such as track athletes, weightlifters, construction workers, dancers must be active in movements related to knee joints, they must Such constant pressure will facilitate the development of painful knee arthritis.

The cause of knee arthritis

Lack of nutrients: The daily diet lacks science, the body does not fully supplement the necessary trace elements for bones and joints such as calcium or omega-3, which will cause weak joints, which will make the knee joints gradually develop worn and caused arthritis.

Due to disease: Arthritis of the knee can also be a symptom of many other diseases that patients need to pay close attention to are rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, chronic gout, knee fluid effusion, ...

Signs of knee pain arthritis

Swollen red and hot joints: The knee becomes swollen, red and hot when the knee bone forms bone spikes, causing the skin around the knee. This is a characteristic symptom of arthritis of the knee that can be easily observed with the naked eye, which is common in the early morning or after naps.

Pain: when the patient moves like standing up or sitting down or climbing stairs, it will cause very uncomfortable pain when the knee is inflamed.

Numbness: When you wake up in the morning and feel a numbness in your knee joint that prevents you from performing normal movements like stretching your legs.

The appearance of a cry: When you exercise, you can always hear a cracking or clumping noise right at the knee joint, in which the skin due to the joint cartilage covering the bone head becomes dry due to lack of lubricant This articulation underneath the cartilage will expose outward, rub against each other during movement and make a noise.

Other symptoms: In addition to the common symptoms above, arthritis of the knee also makes the patient always feel tired, weak body, cold legs and feet, ...

In mild cases, if the patient does not carry out examination and treatment in time, the disease will turn into more severe stages, severely damage the bones and joints and cause more severe symptoms.

Identifying signs of knee arthritis

Treatments

Use Western medicine

Using Western medicine to treat arthritis of the knee is a method that is commonly applied today, very suitable for cases that cause uncomfortable pain. Some of the commonly prescribed medications for medical use are:

Analgesics: some pain relievers you can use such as paracetamol, can be used in combination with codeine or tramadol, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used as ibuprofen, naproxen sodium, ketoprofen, ...

Corticosteroids or hyluronic acid: These are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that are indicated for acute pain with severe severity and do not respond to treatment with conventional anti-inflammatory drugs, but you need to pay careful attention before Use because some undesirable side effects may occur. Some medicines you can take such as axzathioprin, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, ...

+ Physiotherapy

In addition to using Western medicine, patients need to combine with physical therapy to improve daily mobility. This method will work to enhance the function and flexibility of the muscles, thereby helping them work better, limiting pressure on bones and joints to help reduce pain. Some of the commonly used physical therapies to treat arthritis of the knee are:

Hot compress: Every day when pain occurs, apply a hot compress for 15 - 20 minutes, the warm heat from the compress will work to promote blood circulation in the injured knee joint, thereby pain will be significantly improved.

Hot compresses help relieve pain caused by knee arthritis

Acupuncture, acupressure: Some acupuncture points that are commonly used to improve knee pain are the three-fold, poison, and bloody spots. This measure helps to increase blood circulation, relaxes nerves to help ease pain, from which bones and joints will work more flexibly.

Exercises: Some exercises can improve and strengthen the muscles and bones of the knee joint, effectively improving pain such as cat yoga pose, tree yoga pose bridges, calf strains, leg lifts, stair climbing, walking, ...

Depending on the medical condition of each person, there are different treatment methods. You can combine with a number of other methods of physical therapy for the best therapeutic effect such as laser therapy, paraffin application, short wave or infrared radiation, electrotherapy.

+ Surgery

This is the last resort treatment, often used for severe illness and does not respond to treatment by all of the above methods. Surgical treatment for knee pain is performed by removing the damaged joint cartilage and replacing it with artificial joint cartilage to cover the ends of the bone, which are made of a number of special metals that are capable of for a long time inside the body.

Surgery is an advanced treatment method that requires the operator to be highly qualified and skilled, so you need to go to a reputable medical facility and have a full range of equipment to perform. This is a highly effective but costly remedy, and in the process of implementation it can cause some undesirable risks. Therefore, patients need to consider carefully and consult a specialist before performing.

Prevention method

Positive lifestyle has no small effect on the process of disease formation, increasing sports, but you need to practice properly to avoid damaging the knee joints. Should rest, work, live in correct posture and limit carrying heavy objects. Take measures to protect your knees when playing sports or doing heavy work.

Regular exercise helps prevent arthritis of the knee

You need to maintain a stable weight and avoid excessive weight gain.If you are overweight or obese, you should develop a reasonable weight loss plan for yourself, science. Avoid exposing your body weight to increased pressure on the knee joint, allowing the disease to develop.

Diet plays a very important role in disease prevention, to have a healthy knee you need to increase the use of foods rich in omega-3, vitamin C, betacarotene, calcium, bioflavonoids, ... Besides, should also limit foods rich in saturated fat, fried foods, hot spicy foods, stimulants.

calcium-rich food supplements to prevent knee arthritis

When you turn middle age, you should consult an expert to choose and supplement the body with some functional foods that protect bones and joints. This helps the bones and joints stay strong, prevents degeneration and other bone and joint diseases.

Always maintaining a sense of comfort and optimism is also one of the methods that help in treating illness very well.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Arthritis as well as quick pain relief. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Arthritis !


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