Knee swelling (knee pain)

Knee swelling (knee pain)

What is knee swelling (knee pain)

Knee swelling, also known as knee pain, is a swelling of the knee caused by excess fluid buildup in or around the knee joint. Joint swelling can be caused by injury to the ligaments, cartilage, bone, or structures surrounding the joint. Swelling can occur within the knee joint (effusion) or outside the knee joint (bursitis).

Common symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of knee swelling (knee pain)

Symptoms depend on the cause and range from mild to severe swelling. Common symptoms include pain, tenderness, redness in the knee area, fever, and chills. The knee may bruise or become stiffer and make it difficult to move.

You may experience other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about symptoms, consult your doctor.

When do you need to see a doctor

You should see your doctor if you:

signs of infection (fever, redness, warmth in the joint);

See knees, legs, or feet turn pale, cold, or blue;

No improvement after treatment;

Severe pain or inability to stand because of knee pain;
Feel numb, weak, or have a stinging sensation.

The cause to the illness

What causes knee swelling (knee pain)

Knee swelling (knee pain)

The main causes of knee pain due to injuries include:

Torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial and lateral ligament (MCL and LCL).

A meniscus tear (knee cartilage), fracture of the knee joint, or injury to the cartilage that lines the inside of the bone (cartilage) can also cause knee effusion.

Bursitis, tendonitis, and sprains cause swelling on the outside of the knee joint.

Severe trauma, such as an injury during contact sports or a fall, can cause fluid or blood to accumulate in the knee.

Fractures, arthritis, gout, cysts, kneecap dislocations, infections, tumors also cause swelling of the knee joint.

Knee rotations, stops, sudden sideways movements, and unstable landings can strain the knee joint. Age-related degeneration are other causes.

Risk of getting

People who often have swollen knees (knee pain)

The disease can appear at any age, male or female. Especially for those who are active or play sports. You can limit your chances of getting the disease by minimizing your risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more detailed information about your case.

What factors increase the risk of knee swelling (knee pain)

What factors increase the risk of knee swelling (knee pain)

There are many factors that can increase the risk of knee pain including:

Age: People older than 55 are at a higher risk of knee swelling.

Play sports: especially contact sports, which require a sudden change of direction like basketball.

Obesity: increases the weight the joints bear, increases the risk of osteoarthritis and can lead to joint effusion.

Effective treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for medical professional advice. Always consult your doctor.

What medical techniques are used to diagnose knee swelling (knee pain)

Doctors diagnose from medical history, physical examination, and additional tests when indicated. Your doctor will ask about the swelling, how quickly it started, or what injuries you have had. In addition, the doctor will also ask more about the types of exercises and activities performed, as well as previous injuries. X-rays are often helpful in evaluating knee swelling, other tests such as computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and arthroscopy can help determine the cause of the swelling. knee. During a joint tap, the doctor inserts a needle into the knee joint using aseptic technique and drains the fluid. This fluid is sent to a laboratory for investigation to find the cause of the fluid accumulation.

What treatments are used to treat swollen knees (knee pain)

What treatments are used to treat swollen knees (knee pain)

The goal of treatment is to find the cause of the swelling, then reduce the swelling and get you back to work as soon and safely as possible. Swollen knees can only be treated at home, but you need to see your doctor if you have other conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or gout.

You need to rest and avoid activities like jogging or playing tennis. Using an ice pack, an elastic band around the knee, a pillow under the knee, a cane or crutches, and strength-training exercises can also help. Rehabilitation exercises to restore range of motion and strength are helpful once a diagnosis is established.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (ibuprofen, naproxen) and acetaminophen can relieve pain. Other treatments depend on the current medical condition and may include orthotics, splints, other medications, and surgery if indicated. Arthroscopy is a short-term treatment to relieve pain from swelling, but swelling can recur and cause infection in the joint if not done properly.

Suitable mode of living

What lifestyle habits help you limit the progression of knee swelling (knee pain)

Knee swelling can be minimized with the following lifestyle habits:

Stop activities that cause swelling until your doctor says you can start again;

Make sure you are playing the sport with correct technique and using the right sports equipment such as shoes and knee bands;

Do warm-up exercises properly, like light aerobic exercise;

Maintain ideal body weight;

Stretch before and after playing sports or exercising, especially the thighs and hamstrings.

If you have any questions, consult your doctor for the best treatment support.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Arthritis as well as quick pain relief. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Arthritis !

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