Osteoarthritis of the knee: An obsession of the elderly

Osteoarthritis of the knee: An obsession of the elderly

Osteoarthritis of the knee is a very common disease in the elderly, also the most disabling disease today. Age is something that makes people think a lot about it, over time its parts age gradually. The older the age, the faster the aging rate, our joints are no exception, one of the most common diseases among the elderly is degenerative knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis of the knee is a very common disease in the elderly, also the most disabling disease today. So what is degenerative knee osteoarthritis, is it dangerous. Today, join us to learn through this article.

What is osteoarthritis of the knee

Osteoarthritis is an imbalance process between the synthesis and destruction of cartilage and sub-cartilage, leading to morphological changes, biochemistry, cracking, loss of joint cartilage, fibrosis of bones below cartilage, bone spines and cavities below cartilage. Some studies show that 80% of all cases are women.

Causes of degenerative knee disease

Based on the cause, osteoarthritis is divided into two categories: primary and secondary. From these 2 types of causes, we can also know which subjects are susceptible to osteoarthritis.

Primary knee osteoarthritis

This is the main cause of osteoarthritis of the knee. Due to several factors:

Due to age: age is the main cause of osteoarthritis of the knee, especially degenerative knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis usually appears very late from 60 to 75 years old, the disease tends to develop slowly in one or more joints. When the joints are aging, the cartilage of the knee is worn out, its resilience and bearing capacity are poor, leading to degeneration of the knee joint.

Age is the main cause of osteoarthritis of the knee

Due to endocrine and body metabolism: In women over time, during menopause, hormones change the body to decrease the amount of hormones (female) in the body, causing bone diseases joint. Diabetes can also be a cause of osteoarthritis of the knee.

Due to genetics: In the family of some members who have had osteoarthritis such as grandparents, grandparents, fathers, and mothers, the following generations are also at high risk.

Secondary osteoarthritis

Sex and hormones: Common disease in women, may be related to the hormone estrogen.

Race: Some people of color, African-Americans have a higher incidence of osteoarthritis than the average person.

Due to injuries: Some elderly people have experienced injuries in the knee joints such as tearing anterior ligament, cartilage damage, bursitis, patella tendonitis, fracture joints, can deviation ... To the ligaments, tendons, and synovial sac around the knee joint, the joint axis changes, leading to degenerative knee condition.

Obesity: The knee joint is the most stressed joint of the body, due to being obese or gaining weight too quickly and increasing the pressure on the bones and joints, over time, the bones and joints are compressed and deformed.

Obesity is the cause of osteoarthritis of the knee

Nutrition: Vitamin D deficiency also contributes to osteoarthritis risk.

Due to congenital: Some cases are born with the knee joint facing out, the knee joint is turned inward, the knee joint is too stretched ... There is a risk of knee degeneration in old age.

In addition to the above reasons, some diseases can also be the cause of knee arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, purulent inflammation, gout, bleeding in the joints ...

How to diagnose degenerative knee disease

Depending on the condition and the different manifestations, there are methods that can diagnose osteoarthritis based on the characteristic symptoms of the disease.

Stiffness of the knee: After you wake up, you feel the pain in the knee joint, unable to move the knee joint, it takes 10-30 minutes for the stiffness to decrease. If the osteoarthritis is severe, the stiffness of your joints will be more persistent.

Pain in the knee: The pain is usually dull, without pain continuously, over time the pain tends to get worse and the pain is stronger. Pain can trigger acute pain when the person moves in an unfavorable position. Pain will be exacerbated when the weather changes, especially in cold, high humidity and reduced air pressure. Then, with just a small movement, the patient can also ache in the joint throughout the day or even many days.

symptoms of knee pain

In addition to some of the above symptoms of knee effusion and a feeling of rattling when moving the joint is also one of the symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee.

Diagnosis is based on image exploration

Diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee with knee joint imaging with surgical methods such as X-ray, knee ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, knee arthroscopy. In this way, it is possible to evaluate the 3-dimensional knee joint condition, clearly detect joint cartilage, ligament, synovial membrane, joint stenosis, bone spine, synovial effusion, measure the thickness of cartilage and joints, detect degenerative cartilage fragments.

Treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee

Medical treatment: Physiotherapy (ultrasound, infrared, hot compresses, mineral springs ...), drug treatment, stem cell transplant.

Surgical treatment: Joint endoscopy such as dialysis, cytology, joint wash, bone-stimulating drill, cartilage cell transplant. Artificial joint replacement surgery: applicable to serious illness, patients aged 60 and older.

Cures and medications: There are now a variety of instructional exercises to help fight arthritis like Feel Good Knees for knee arthritis and medicines to help you manage your joint pain. quick as the MindBody Matrix Pain Relief Cream.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Arthritis as well as quick pain relief. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Arthritis !

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