Sciatica - Causes, symptoms and treatment

Sciatica - Causes, symptoms and treatment

Sciatica is one of the common diseases in the age group of 30 - 50. Although the disease is not life-threatening, it severely affects activities and life. Even severe cases can cause limb weakness, permanent disability. Therefore, knowing the signs, causes, treatment and prevention of the disease is extremely necessary.

What is sciatica pain

Before finding out what this disease is. You need to understand the structure and role of the sciatic nerve:

The sciatic nerve is also known as the sciatic nerve. This is the longest nerve in the human body, starting from below the waist to the toes. There are 2 sciatic nerves left and right that control each limb. The role of the sciatic nerve includes motor and sensory control of the areas it passes through.

What is sciatica

Sciatica is also known as sciatica. This is pain along the path of the sciatic nerve. Specifically, pain in the lumbar spine, thighs, front and outer legs, ankles, toes, etc.

This disease usually occurs when the patient has a herniated disc. Or the bones of the spine on the spine, narrowing of the spine leads to compression of the sciatic nerve. From there, causing inflammation, pain and numbness in the legs.

According to statistics, this disease is common in people in the working age from 30 to 50. The rate of women infected is higher than that of men. Nowadays, the disease tends to be younger and younger and causes many dangerous complications.

Causes of sciatica

Causes of sciatica

According to doctors, the most common cause of sciatica is a herniated disc. Normally, discs are seen as cushions between the vertebrae of the spine. But when spinal discs protrude, it will cause nerve compression. Hence, causing sciatica.

Sciatica pain can be caused by many reasons.

In addition, there are also some culprits that cause big sciatic nerve pain below:

Spinal stenosis: This condition is common in people over 60 years of age. When the ball narrows the spine, the sciatic nerve will also be compressed and cause pain.

Spinal Tumors: Some tumors in or along the spinal cord and sciatic nerve can also cause sciatica. As the tumor grows, it puts pressure on the nerve branches.

Arthritis, osteoarthritis: This condition will cause irritation and swelling of the sciatic nerve. Therefore, sciatic nerve pain is unavoidable.

Injuries and infections: Patients with myositis, infection, trauma, etc. are also at risk of contracting the disease.

Pear muscle syndrome: The pear muscle is located deep inside the buttocks. This muscle connects the lower spine to the femur, running through the sciatic nerve. Therefore, if the pear muscle is contracted, it will put pressure on the sciatic nerve and cause pain.

People who are prone to sciatica

Sciatica can affect anyone. However, subjects who are susceptible to common diseases include:

Elderly.

Subjects are overweight or obese.

People with specific jobs have to carry heavy loads, have to turn their backs, and drive for a long time.

People who have to sit for long periods of time or be sedentary.
Patient has diabetes.

Symptoms of sciatica

Symptoms of sciatica

The symptom of sciatica is pain along the nerve. The pain starts in the lower back, then runs through the buttocks and behind the legs.

In addition, patients can rely on the following signs to identify the disease.

Pain, burning, muscle fatigue, numbness, muscle weakness or tingling. These symptoms appear from the waist down to the buttocks, along the back of the legs.

The pain can be mild or aching, sharp, burning.

Signs are more severe when walking, bending over, sneezing, coughing, sitting for a long time. It is only when lying down that the symptoms subside.

Severe cases can make it difficult to walk or not be able to walk.
Leg numbness along the sciatic nerve.

Legs and toes are tingling.

The gait changes, the high side and the low side.

When nerve roots are damaged, the body will lose heat, lose sensation in the lower extremities, and cannot control urination.

Complications of sciatica

Is sciatica dangerous. The answer is possibly dangerous. Because the disease, if not detected and treated early, can cause many dangerous complications.

Some of these complications include:

Loss of sensation in the legs.
Weak limbs, even permanent limb paralysis.
Loss of bowel or bladder function.

When should a patient see a doctor

Complications of sciatica

Sciatica when to see a doctor. In some cases, the symptoms of the disease will disappear over time. However, there are also cases where the disease persists and causes many complicated complications.

Therefore, if you see the body showing the following symptoms, the patient should see a doctor as soon as possible:

The pain is severe or sudden in the lower back.

Legs numb, weak leg muscles.

Occurrence of pain after an injury such as an accident.

Difficulty controlling bladder or bowels.

Is sciatica curable

Whether the disease is curable depends on many factors. As follows:

Causes of the disease: Depending on the causes of pain mentioned above, the effectiveness of treatment is also affected.

Level of disease: There are two types, acute and chronic. It is easier to treat the disease in the acute phase and with less recurrence than in the chronic phase.

Treatment methods: Depending on each method such as using drugs, physical therapy, folk remedies, the effect will be different.

How to treat sciatica pain

Depending on the cause and severity of the disease, there will be different treatments for sciatica. Therefore, it is advisable for the patient to see a doctor to determine the cause. Depending on the case, the doctor may prescribe some of the following methods.

sciatica treatment

Some of the main treatment methods are applied

Drug treatment

Drug treatment is a common method prescribed by doctors for sciatica patients. Some of the medications doctors may prescribe include:

Pain relievers like Paracetamol…
Nerve pain relievers
Use of muscle relaxants: Eperisone…
Group B vitamins.
Injecting epidural corticosteroids.

Note: Patients only use the drug as prescribed by the doctor. Take the right medicine, at the right dose. Do not abuse drugs to limit unwanted side effects.

Physical therapy

Physical therapy

When the pain improves, the doctor may prescribe physical therapy and other therapies. Specifically:

Hot compress.
Infrared irradiation.
Laser projection.
Power magnet.
Thermal bath, mineral spring bath.
Stretching the spine for patients with disc herniation or disc protrusion.

In addition, the patient will be guided with some exercises to help correct posture. At the same time, improve flexibility and strengthen the muscles that support the back.

Surgical intervention

Surgical treatment is indicated in the following cases:

Paralysis and muscle atrophy: indicated for early surgery, avoiding disability for the patient.

Recalcitrant form, especially severe pain: After many months of intensive treatment, the condition still does not improve.

May recur many times and continuously, greatly affecting the patient's daily life.

Complex form such as with cauda equina syndrome.

Prevention of sciatica

Prevention of sciatica

Through the above information, it can be seen that sciatica seriously affects the patient's life and health. Therefore, the prevention of disease is extremely important.

As recommended by doctors, to prevent this disease should pay attention to the following issues:

Make time to exercise regularly. Note, should only exercise gently, not too hard. It is best to apply exercises to increase flexibility and strengthen muscles in the spine and abdominal muscles.

Eat a healthy diet full of nutrients. Say no to alcohol and tobacco.

For those who are overweight and obese, they should lose weight, limit stress and stress.

Do not use too thick and soft mattress or spring bed.
Living and working movements suitable for low back pain. Pay attention to sitting, carrying or lifting heavy objects in the correct posture.

For those who have jobs that require sitting for a long time, they should often stand up to change positions. Or have some exercise in between.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of sciatica as well as quick pain relief. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about sciatica !


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