Tooth decay and information you need to know

Tooth decay and information you need to know

Tooth decay is an extremely dangerous and popular disease today, tooth decay occurs in all ages, regardless of age, especially children and the elderly. The main cause of tooth decay is due to poor or improper oral hygiene habits, over time bacteria form in the oral cavity and attack the teeth, causing damage on the tooth surface. Tooth decay not only causes loss of facial aesthetics, it also causes toothache, bad breath, reduced confidence in communication and living. So what is caries, what do you understand about caries, today let's find out more about caries with us through the article below.

What is tooth decay

Tooth decay is a condition in the surface of a tooth where pores caused by harmful bacteria appear, over time that cavities grow and affect deeper layers in the tooth if left untreated a reasonable way. Bad cases can also lead to serious toothache, infection and tooth fracture.

Manifestations of tooth decay

Tooth decay is usually in the early stage, the patient does not feel anything but discolored teeth, cavities do not exist and irritation due to hot and cold food has not occurred. Over time, teeth will change to brown or black, cavities in the teeth begin to appear, patients feel uncomfortable when food enters the cavity, feel sharp when eating hot, cold, painful foods. have hot food on. If this stage is not treated, the cavity can continue to be deep, then the bottom of the cavity will strip calcium and soften, contaminating the decay layer of the tooth, making the disease worse. If the tooth pain lasts for a long time, the pain level increases, the pulp may be inflamed. Besides, when tooth decay, the patient's breath also smells bad.

manifestations of tooth decay

Signs and symptoms of tooth decay

Cavities can be identified by looking in front of the mirror as visible cavities or indentations in the teeth, teeth turning brown, black or white both inside and out. You can also experience tooth decay when you experience toothache, sensitive teeth, mild or sharp pain when eating or drinking sweets, hot or cold, or when biting food.

You should go to the nearest medical center for the most accurate diagnosis or you should see your doctor if you have a fever due to severe toothache, unpleasant bad breath.

The causes of tooth decay

Bacteria in the mouth and high sugar in food are two main factors that cause tooth decay. Combination of bacteria, food particles and saliva form plaque. The more sugar a food contains, the more it will stick, and over time the bacteria in the plaque and tartar convert the sugar into acid. Over time, the acids in the plaque remove minerals in the hard enamel that coats the outside of the teeth. This gradual erosion creates tiny holes or voids in the enamel.

Do not brush your teeth: One of the most common causes of tooth decay is poor oral hygiene, poor oral hygiene that prevents teeth from being cleaned, especially after eating and drinking, food particles get stuck in the teeth will create good conditions for bacteria to grow and cause tooth decay. You need to clean your mouth at least 2 times a day, in the morning after waking up at night before going to bed for the best oral health.

Improper oral hygiene: Regular oral hygiene is a good measure to prevent tooth decay, but not everyone knows how to properly brush teeth. Improper brushing not only does not prevent bacteria from entering, but also can damage the gums, enabling bacteria to grow, causing gum disease.

Eat sugary foods and drinks: If you are a junkie, regularly eat snacks or soft drinks. Foods that contain a lot of sugar such as milk, sugar, chocolate, cookies, honey, ice cream, and candies ... are ideal environments for bacteria to grow, bacteria will ferment and turn these sugars. into acidic walls, over time, if not cleaning the teeth, these plaque will lead to tooth decay.

Regularly eating sweets causes tooth decay

Age: Over time your teeth will become rough and weak and show signs of cracking, breaking, and rough edges. This makes it easy for bacteria to stick to the surface of the teeth, forming plaque that is difficult to remove.

Transmission: Sharing living utensils, if not clean, can allow bacteria to pass from person to person.

Gastrointestinal disorders: Eating too much or eating too little will create an ideal environment for cavities to develop. People with digestive disorders or erratic eating habits make oral protection even more difficult.

Receding gums: People with periodontitis, when the gums are dropped out of the teeth, plaque will form on the roots of the teeth, over time being attacked by bacteria and leading to root decay.

Lack of water: Saliva plays a very important role in cleaning your oral cavity and preventing cavities from developing. Saliva wash away food and dental plaque. The mineral ingredients in saliva help treat early tooth decay, limit bacteria growth and neutralize harmful acids. Not drinking enough water leads to dry mouth and inability to supply enough saliva to the oral cavity, the lack of saliva can cause food debris to get stuck in the teeth that are not cleaned, leading to tooth decay.

Drinking plenty of water can help you to prevent tooth decay

Evolution of caries

Depending on the location of each person, cavities will develop differently, but basically, caries will always follow a destructive process from enamel to dentin as follows:

Destruction of tooth enamel: The harmful acids produced by bacteria attack the enamel. On the tooth surface, white spots start and then turn black. This stage is very difficult to detect tooth decay if you do not regularly clean your teeth.

Attacking dentin: The enamel on the outside after being destroyed, cavities continue to attack inside is the dentin layer, at this time you will feel a tingling sensation, pain when eating cold food or sour.

Causing pulp inflammation: After attacking through the dentin, cavities continue to attack the pulp, causing pulpitis, the toothache becomes worse and causes more severe pain, sometimes dull pain without Tooth decay, which attacks the pulp, causes pulp inflammation. At this point the disease is getting worse and will cause severe pain. Pain, soreness even when not

Death marrow: Tooth decay causes pulp inflammation, if not early treatment of the pulp, the tooth will die, infection spread to the bone, causing tooth abscess, cellulitis, osteomyelitis...

Caries cause death of the pulp, serious consequences

The consequences of tooth decay

Tooth decay brings a lot of discomfort, directly affecting your quality of life. Pain and discomfort, bad breath affects eating and living, affecting the aesthetics of the teeth, losing confidence in communication.

Tooth decay for a long time, if not treated in time, can penetrate into the marrow, causing pulp inflammation, causing marrow necrosis, leading to tooth abscess, alveolar osteitis, and sometimes tooth extraction is required. Some of the more dangerous cases can cause sepsis, which can be life-threatening if the bacteria enter the bloodstream.

Caries also have a significant effect on pregnant women, caries increase the risk of premature birth in women, babies often have a weak immune system and poor resistance.

Tooth decay treatment like For cavities: For early cavities, you only need to use drugs Gforce Teeth & Gums, Steel Bite Pro or methods such as Steel Bite Protocol after a continuous period of time, the damage will be completely restored...

Ivory worm: Must completely eliminate irritating factors, bacteria. Then weld the hole again with different welding materials.

Preventive measures for tooth decay

Limit foods high in sugar: Sweets are the leading cause of tooth decay. You need to limit the consumption of sweets such as candy, cakes, carbonated drinks, especially you should not eat before bed so that tooth decay does not have a chance to develop.

Proper oral hygiene: You need to brush your teeth at least 2 times a day, brush your teeth after waking up in the morning and before going to bed at night will help prevent tooth decay, so you have a good breath. and strong teeth.

Flossing: For the areas where brushing cannot be cleaned, we need to floss to remove any remaining food plaque in the teeth. It is best to floss once a day and at night after eating, flossing effectively helps prevent tooth decay.

Use floss to effectively prevent tooth decay

Mouthwash: Regularly using mouthwash can help kill bacteria, remove plaque, prevent gum problems. Mouthwash also makes the breath smell better.

Periodic health check

You should go to the nearest medical center for annual checkups to detect and to help prevent and develop tooth decay.

Hopefully, through the above article, you have a better understanding of tooth decay, gingivitis, common oral problems as well as measures to help you solve the problem of cavities and gingivitis. Follow the new articles of Health Life For You to stay up to date with useful information about cavities and gingivitis, common oral problems.

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