Swollen gums: Causes and most effective home remedies

Swollen gums: Causes and most effective home remedies

Swollen gums can cause discomfort, pain, and affect eating and communication. If you do not have time to go to the doctor, you can apply simple and effective home remedies to reduce gum swelling.

Swollen gums (also known as gingival swelling) can be a warning sign of an infection in the gums, teeth, or a general health problem and manifest in the gums. When you have swollen gums, you will have pain and have difficulty eating and living. Knowing the causes and home remedies for swollen gums will help you quickly get rid of this uncomfortable condition !

Causes of swollen gums

Swollen gums due to gingivitis, inflammation of the tissues around the teeth is the most common problem

Gingivitis is the most common cause of swollen gums. The symptoms of the disease can be quite mild so little attention is paid to treatment. However, if left untreated, the disease can lead to more serious conditions such as periodontitis that leads to tooth loss.

Periodontitis is a more severe condition of gingivitis, in addition to the gums, the components around the teeth will be inflamed, painful, may drain pus and often take medicine still not completely relieve the pain. Periodontitis cannot be treated at home and requires intensive treatment from a doctor.

Gingivitis is often caused by poor oral hygiene habits that cause plaque to build up between the gums and teeth. Plaque consists of fermented food and bacteria that accumulate. Plaque that is not cleaned for many days will harden and become tartar.

Tartar is often hard enough to be difficult to remove at home with regular flossing or brushing. Therefore, to prevent inflammation and swelling of the gums, you need to visit the dentist to get tartar every 6 months.

Swollen gums due to wisdom teeth

Wisdom teeth can also cause swollen gums, the most common of which is swelling of the gums in the same lower jaw. Wisdom teeth are the teeth that grow in the back of the jaw, appearing between the ages of 17-25. At this time, the gum tissue has grown thick and hard, so when the wisdom teeth emerge, the part of the gums that is split in the innermost position will be red and swollen, accompanied by dull pain but will quickly disappear when the teeth erupt completely.

Another case that is much more annoying is that wisdom teeth that grow sideways or incompletely grow will make food stuck and can't be removed, long-term causing inflammation, pain, pus or not and can swell the whole face. This is a dental emergency, do not be subjective but quickly seek help from your dentist.

Swollen gums due to pregnancy

Swollen gums due to pregnancy

Swollen gums can also occur during pregnancy due to hormonal changes in the body. This change can increase blood flow to the gums, making the gums more sensitive, irritated, and swollen. In addition, it can also reduce the ability of the gums to fight bacteria and the common bacteria in plaque.

Swollen gums due to infection

Viral and bacterial infections can cause sore gums:

Herpes: Can cause swollen gums but is often accompanied by main symptoms in the lips and around the mouth.

Tooth decay: If the teeth are decayed, if not treated, over time there will be an infection inside the bone and can lead to an abscess outside, causing swollen gums with pus. The condition will be repeated often, sometimes without pain, so it is easy to ignore.

Swollen gums due to lack of substance or systemic disease

You can develop swollen gums if you lack vitamins, especially vitamin C. Vitamin C plays an important role in maintaining and promoting oral health. If you lack vitamin C, you can get scurvy. However, this is not a common cause.

Swollen gums and bleeding gums can also be seen in diseases that cause clotting factor disorders such as dengue fever, vitamin K deficiency, leukemia, autoimmune diseases, etc.

In addition to the above common causes, some less common causes of swollen gums are:

- Dentures cause gum irritation
- Taking certain medications with side effects
- Having some systemic diseases such as diabetes
Use toothpaste or mouthwash containing irritants.

Tell you how to treat swollen gums simply, effectively swollen gums

How to cure swollen gums at home

How to cure swollen gums at home

If your gums are mildly swollen, with no pus, you can try these simple remedies:

- Continue to brush your teeth in the swollen gums, floss to clean all the food between the teeth. However, when doing this, you need to be careful and gentle to avoid hurting and irritating the gums.

- Gargle with salt water to remove bacteria in the mouth.

- Drink plenty of water because water will help stimulate the production of saliva, which washes away and weakens disease-causing bacteria in the mouth.

- Avoid oral irritants such as alcoholic mouthwash, carbonated drinks, and smoking.

You can apply a cold compress to your cheek in the swollen gum area to help reduce swelling. Note: Do not apply hot compresses to the gum area that has pus or is in great pain.

Apply medical procedures

If your gums are swollen for more than two weeks despite using home remedies, you should see a doctor. Your dentist will ask you about when and how often your symptoms occurred. You should also let your dentist know if you are pregnant or have had a recent dietary change. After getting all the information, the dentist may order X-rays or blood tests if necessary.

Depending on the cause, the dentist will give advice for each specific case. It can be a guide to proper oral hygiene, a prescription for a mouthwash to prevent and reduce plaque, scans to check and treat damaged teeth, a prescription if there is a disease in the mouth and do not hesitate to remove it. wisdom teeth when the dentist predicts that trying to keep them will cause a lot of trouble later.

Another common treatment is scaling and root canal cleaning. The dentist will clean the plaque and tartar so that healthy gums can be restored. If you have severe gingivitis, you may need surgery.

To protect your oral health and not experience the discomfort of gum problems, you can take some preventive measures such as:

Visit your dentist at least every six months to have your teeth and gums cleaned.

Complete vitamins with a balanced diet.

Brush your teeth twice a day and floss regularly, especially brushing thoroughly every night before going to bed.

Ask your dentist for instructions on proper oral hygiene and make an appointment with the receptionist to be reminded to have your teeth checked every 6 months.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of gingivitis as well as measures to help you solve gingivitis problems. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Gingivitis And Periodontal Disease.

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