Bad breath: Causes and cures

Bad breath: Causes and cures

Halitosis is a condition in which bad breath comes from the mouth. People with bad breath often feel confused and lose confidence when communicating. So what are the causes and cures for bad breath.

Causes of bad breath

The main cause of bad breath is the release of volatile sulfur compounds in the oral cavity. Here are the causes for this compound to evaporate.

Bad breath caused by bacteria

Volatile sulfur compounds are produced by Gram-negative proteolytic anaerobes. These bacteria are usually located in stagnant areas of the mouth, such as periodontal pockets, the surface of the tongue or the interdental areas, and in carious lesions.

Temporary causes of bad breath

When eating foods that contain mouth-drying substances, such as alcohol, tobacco, or foods that provide high protein and sugar content, such as milk, when broken down in the mouth, amino acids containing very high levels of amino acids are released. many sulfur compounds.

Onions and garlic are also foods containing high sulfur content, which can pass through the intestinal lining into the bloodstream, then released into the lungs and then evaporated out.

Smoking not only increases the concentration of volatile substances in the mouth and lungs, but also aggravates bad breath, because it affects and dries the oral mucosa.

Bad breath in the morning after waking up has also been linked to reduced saliva production and secretion, leading to temporary dry mouth and bad breath.

The cause of bad breath comes from the mouth

Periodontal and gum diseases such as gingivitis, periodontitis, or acute ulcerative necrotizing gingivitis, periodontitis, peri-implantitis, and abscesses cause bad breath.

Ulcers due to malignancy, local causes, aphthous or the effects of some drugs are also causes of bad breath.

Decreased salivation with age, use of drugs, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, Sjogren's syndrome causing bad breath.

Poor oral hygiene, tongue residue, or Candida infection also cause bad breath.

Deposition of debris on orthodontic appliances such as dentures, appliances, ... is one of the causes of bad breath.

Bone diseases such as osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis, or dry socket and other malignancies can also cause bad breath.

Other causes of bad breath

Gastric ulcers are also the cause of bad breath

Frequent bad breath can be caused by causes outside the mouth such as:

Gastrointestinal diseases: Bad breath is considered a typical and frequent symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Helicobacter pylori infection also causes stomach ulcers, and this is also the cause of bad breath.

Use of certain drugs: Medicines that can cause bad breath such as amphetamine, chloral hydrate, cytotoxic drugs, dimethyl sulphoxide, disulfiram, nitrate and nitrite, phenothiazine.

Systemic conditions: Nasopharyngeal infections such as respiratory disorders (nose, sinuses, tonsils, pharynx), can lead to bad breath.

Diabetes, liver and kidney diseases, etc. also lead to the risk of bad breath due to the breakdown of body fat.

Rotten fish odor syndrome: This is a very rare genetic syndrome. The reason is that the body has a metabolic disorder, not metabolizing trimethylamine found in fishy foods, causing chemicals to accumulate inside the body, especially in the liver, before this substance is excreted. go out.

How to cure bad breath

How to cure bad breath

When detecting persistent bad breath, the patient needs to see a doctor to determine the cause. Most often, the cause is due to poor oral hygiene and dental diseases. Therefore, first, the patient needs to go to the dental clinic to determine the cause coming from the mouth, if there is an infection in the mouth such as tartar, tooth decay, plaque, periodontitis, the patient needs to be done. dental interventions first.

If bad breath is not due to causes in the mouth or after dental intervention but still has bad breath, the patient needs to visit other specialists such as ear - nose - throat, digestive, urology... to appropriate treatment interventions.

Some temporary ways to cure bad breath include using gum or mouthwash, mouthwash after smoking, eating onions and garlic.

Consider the use of some medications that reduce saliva production that causes bad breath, besides, the patient also needs to drink water regularly to avoid dry mouth.

To reduce and prevent bad breath, it is important to pay attention to oral hygiene. Need to clean your teeth properly, brush your teeth twice a day, in the morning after waking up and at night before going to bed. Use dental floss, tongue scrapers, and mouthwash to limit plaque build-up. Periodic dental examination every 4-6 months and perform dental interventions when needed. After eating, you should rinse your mouth with a small sip of water to wash away any remaining food. Daily tongue scraping helps to remove bacterial plaque on the surface of the tongue.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Bad Breath as well as measures to help you solve Bad Breath. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Bad Breath.

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