Tooth decay is an oral health condition that can happen to anyone, including young children. If not treated early, decayed teeth can become infected or broken, or even lose teeth.

So, what are the causes of tooth decay? What signs help you easily recognize this condition for timely effective treatment? Is this oral health problem preventable? Do not miss the useful information in the following article.

What is tooth decay

According to many experts, tooth decay is one of the world's most common oral health conditions, characterized by holes that form in the surface or crown of teeth when the enamel layer is eroded by various factors. . In which, bacteria and poor oral hygiene are the two most common causes.

Symptoms and signs of tooth decay

Symptoms of tooth decay

Symptoms of tooth decay in adults are usually:


Sensitive teeth.

Feeling mild pain or burning in the entire tooth when eating or drinking sweets, too hot or too cold.

Black holes appear on the crowns of teeth that can be seen with the naked eye.

The surface of the tooth (both inside and out) turns brown, black or ivory white.

Pain when chewing or biting food.

You may experience other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about the signs of tooth decay, you should consult your doctor.

Symptoms and signs of tooth decay
When do you need to see a doctor

You should see your doctor if any of the following occur:


Sensitive teeth.


Pain when chewing or biting food.

The surface of the teeth turns brown, black or ivory white.


Causes of tooth decay

You are prone to this situation for 3 main reasons:

Bacteria in the mouth.

Eat sugary foods often.

Poor oral hygiene.

In fact, the presence of bacteria in the oral cavity is normal. However, they will secrete acid when breaking down the sugar in food debris. This acid has the ability to erode the hard enamel that covers the outside of the teeth and form cavities. If prolonged, the inner layers such as dentin or even the pulp containing nerves and blood vessels are also at risk.

Some risk factors

Tooth decay caused by sweet food

In many cases, the cause of enamel erosion can also come from factors such as:

Poor dental care, wrong way: not brushing regularly or using sharp, hard toothpicks to floss.

Snacking habits: Regularly eating junk foods such as hard candies, cookies or drinking sodas and soft drinks... causes high sugar levels in the oral cavity, creating conditions for bacteria in the mouth to work.

Consumption of highly acidic foods: The consumption of some highly acidic foods and drinks such as lemons, juices, etc. contributes to tooth enamel erosion.

Having some diseases: People with gastroesophageal reflux disease, stomach acid also have the ability to come into contact with teeth, causing teeth to erode, leading to loss of enamel.

Fluoride deficiency: This causes tooth health to deteriorate significantly, easily affected by bacteria and acids.

Dry mouth: Too little saliva also makes it difficult to remove food particles stuck between teeth and disease-causing bacteria will break down these debris to create acids that are harmful to teeth.

How is tooth decay diagnosed

Your doctor will look for signs of decay and ask questions about your oral history, and will ask you to take X-rays of your teeth to determine the exact location of the cavity and the severity of the hole. deep.

Effective tooth decay treatment

Effective tooth decay treatment

Depending on the severity of the wormhole, your doctor may suggest one or more treatments for you. Usually, the common ways to treat tooth decay will include:

Fluoride treatment: This has the ability to effectively support the restoration of tooth enamel.

Fillings: Sometimes called restoratives, are the mainstay of treatment when tooth decay has progressed through the enamel into the dentin.

Making crowns: Making crowns helps protect teeth against harmful agents, usually applied in cases of large cavities or weakened teeth.

Root canal removal: Root canal removal is only applicable to cases where bacteria have attacked the tooth pulp.

Extraction: If the tooth is severely decayed and there is no way to restore it, extraction is essential.

Measures to help prevent tooth decay

Some of the habits below can help you prevent the formation of cavities in your teeth, including:

Practice good oral hygiene habits:

Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.

Use dental floss or water floss to clean between teeth at least once a day.

Rinse mouth with clean water or mouthwash solution after meals.

Limit the use of foods that are harmful to teeth.

Get regular dental check-ups to check your oral health and clean your teeth properly.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Caries as well as measures to help you solve gingivitis problems. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Gingivitis And Periodontal Disease.

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