Caring for obese patients

Caring for obese patients

Obesity is a chronic disease caused by an imbalance between calorie intake and energy expenditure. The cause of the disease is multifactorial, including heredity, environment, and behavioral influences.

Measure body mass index (BMI) to determine obesity

Obesity can be measured by body mass index (BMI), which is weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters (Kg/m2). BMI over 27kg/m2 (> 27.8 kg/m” for men; > 27.3 kg/m” for women) is considered obese.

BMI = Weight (kg) / Height (m) x Height (m)

People with obesity have a high risk of diseases such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia.

Based on BMI to assess obesity level

Causes of obesity

Up to now, the causes of obesity are still being considered and the evolution is extremely complicated. However, most discussions assume that factors such as: Genetics, diet, living habits... all interact with each other to cause disease.

The direct factor leading to obesity is that the amount of heat absorbed into the body is higher than the amount of heat lost, leading to an excessive accumulation of body fat.

Treatment of obese patients

Treatment of obesity is a long process that includes: Diet, exercise, medication or surgical options.

Exercise diet

Changing living habits, increasing body energy consumption by increasing physical activity, playing sports, walking every day, on average (walking) at least 30 minutes a day also ensures good health. expends energy and is beneficial to health.

Exercise is a key component of any weight loss program. It improves health and well-being, which are critical to long-term success.

Limit your intake of high-calorie foods such as:

- Fat, fatty meat, eggs, seafood.

- Limit alcohol, tobacco, soft drinks.

- Limit fast food.

- Eat lots of vegetables and fruits.

- Diet, eat fewer calories or increase calorie consumption.

Eat a lot of green vegetables to help prevent myocardial infarction

- Increasing the addition of green vegetables to the diet helps reduce the risk of obesity.

Using drugs

There are many weight loss pills on the market today. To ensure your health, you should use weight loss pills when prescribed by a doctor, combined with a full-quality diet, do not use drugs indiscriminately and without science.

Surgery

Surgery is also a treatment for obesity, although surgery is limited as a comprehensive treatment, with significant psychological and physiological consequences. Therefore, before deciding to perform surgery, you need to prepare psychologically as well as in good health, choose advanced facilities as well as treatment methods, to avoid bringing unfortunate risks.

Obesity surgery

Surgery to treat obesity needs careful consideration

Caring for obese patients

Change the habit of forgetting to cook, preferring to use cooking methods such as steaming and boiling. Limit fast or fried foods.

Limit the intake of sweets and drinks with a lot of sugar.

Limit starch intake; Instead, eat safe starches like brown rice, sweet potatoes, and whole grains.
Drink at least 2 liters of water a day.

The main meal is breakfast, limiting starch in the evening can be replaced with fiber such as vegetables, tubers and fruits.

In addition to diet, it should be combined with daily exercise. At first, you can choose gentle exercises, after a while you can increase the level of exercise for a longer time.

Obese people should maintain a regular exercise regimen

In summary, the most successful long-term treatment for obesity is the adjustment of diet and lifestyle combined with daily exercise. Treatment of obesity requires the patient to be patient.

A scientific diet and exercise will not only help you reduce double chin but also reduce many other risks such as diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep disorders, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, stroke. This is the most natural and safe way to have a slim chin. However, if unfortunately due to genetic factors, do not worry because you can still rely on the support of cosmetic methods to help tighten the chin again.

Hopefully through the above article you have better understand about Obesity And Overweight as well as how to lose weight quickly. Stay tuned for new articles on Healthy Life For You to be updated with useful information about Obesity And Overweight !


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