Complications of type 2 diabetes on the heart should not be taken lightly

Complications of type 2 diabetes on the heart should not be taken lightly

Developing cardiovascular disease is one of the very common complications of type 2 diabetes. Diabetics have 2 to 4 times higher risk of cardiovascular disease than the general population. It is also the leading cause of death for them.

These cardiovascular diseases are often silent, without many symptoms at first, but can also have a sudden onset and have serious health effects.

What's more, they are irreversible, so early detection, diagnosis, and treatment are important. What are the complications of type 2 diabetes on the heart? How to prevent? Let's find the answer in the article below!

How does diabetes affect the heart

Blood sugar disorders often lead to dyslipidemia, because the metabolism of carbohydrates - fats - proteins in the body are closely related. In addition, high blood sugar for a long time easily causes the walls of blood vessels to become inflamed. LDL cholesterol, triglycerides (a component found in blood fats) will be deposited at these damaged sites and form atherosclerotic plaques.

Atherosclerosis causes blood vessels to become stiffer and less elastic, resulting in increased blood pressure. In addition, they narrow the cross-section of the lumen and limit blood flow through this site. Depending on where the atherosclerotic plaque forms, the symptoms of complications will vary.

- Damage to the ophthalmic artery: reduced vision and possible blindness.

Renal artery damage: increased risk of kidney failure and hypertension.

- Coronary stenosis: causes myocardial ischemia. The patient may have chest pain.

- Injury to cerebral blood vessels: causing cerebral ischemia, increasing the risk of cerebrovascular accident.

- Injury to the arteries of the extremities: causing arteritis of the extremities, causing the patient to stagger, necrosis of the extremities,.....

If the plaque is removed, suspended in the blood vessels will pull other substances together to deposit to form a blood clot. This blood clot travels throughout the body and causes a number of serious complications such as limb gangrene, heart attack, and stroke.

In addition, diabetes also damages nerves, including the nerve that controls the heartbeat. Therefore, patients often experience abnormally elevated resting heart rate, orthostatic hypotension, and more difficult to recognize signs of myocardial infarction.

Chest pain - Complications of type 2 diabetes on cardiovascular

In addition, risk factors for cardiovascular disease are common in patients with type 2 diabetes, which also contributes to the higher incidence of this complication. That is:

- Advanced age.
- Smoke.
- Drink a lot of alcohol.
- Overweight or obese.
- Less physical activity.
- Diet high in saturated fat, trans fat; eat salty.

4 manifestations of type 2 diabetes complications on cardiovascular

The most common and serious cardiovascular complications of type 2 diabetes include:

Coronary artery disease

It is the main cause of death among diabetics with cardiovascular complications. Coronary artery disease (or coronary stenosis, myocardial ischemia) has almost no obvious symptoms in the early stages. Many patients even had a severe heart attack but still didn't know it and was accidentally discovered when going for a health check.

However, some patients also have early signs of complications of type 2 diabetes on the coronary heart, including: angina (anginal pain that begins behind the breastbone like a strangulation of the heart, pain can spread to the heart). wide to the neck, jaw, left shoulder, left arm); left chest heaviness; palpitations; shortness of breath.

Patients with type 2 diabetes need to have regular cardiovascular check-ups so that abnormal signs can be detected early as well as timely treatment.

Heart failure – Complications of type 2 diabetes should not be taken lightly

People with diabetes are also at increased risk of heart failure. This happens because the heart has to work under conditions of prolonged myocardial ischemia, pumping blood under high pressure (due to hypertension or blockage of blood vessels by atherosclerosis throughout other organs). The heart is weak, the blood pump is inefficient, so fluid stagnates in many organs, causing edema, shortness of breath, cough, and fatigue.

Heart failure often tends to get worse over time. However, it is still possible to significantly limit the progression of the disease if the disease is diagnosed and treated early.

Cerebrovascular accident (cerebral stroke)

Cerebrovascular accident (cerebral stroke)

Stroke is also a very common complication of type 2 diabetes. There are two types of cerebral infarction or cerebral hemorrhage.

Symptoms include dizziness, loss of balance, sleep disturbances, memory loss, numbness of one arm/leg/half of the body, distorted mouth, difficulty speaking, and may be accompanied by varying degrees of disturbance of consciousness. …

Clinical manifestations may appear transient and then disappear, but there is still the possibility of recurrence or severe course. In severe cases, the disease can leave disability, even death.

Peripheral vascular disease

Damage to the peripheral blood vessels is also a common complication of type 2 diabetes on the blood vessels. This condition can be recognized early through the very characteristic symptom that is "staggered gait". The patient feels pain, leg fatigue or cramps when walking, but it goes away with rest. After that, they can still recur as the patient resumes walking. The later, the shorter the distance the patient can travel.

Besides, foot complications of this diabetes also cause more serious symptoms such as:

- Ulcer or necrosis of extremities.
- The pulse in the instep of the foot gradually weakens, even disappears completely.
- Loss of popliteal pulse.
- Low blood pressure in the lower extremities.

How to limit complications of type 2 diabetes in cardiovascular

Eating vegetables and fruits prevents complications of type 2 diabetes in the heart

Through the above information, it can be seen that the complications of type 2 diabetes in cardiovascular are very serious and directly affect life. However, patients can still control diabetes and limit complications through a few tips as follows:

Monitor type 2 diabetes indicators

Monitor HbA1c and fasting blood sugar and maintain these values ​​within the recommended range. Specifically, the minimum fasting blood sugar is below 7.5 mmol/L, the minimum HbA1c is less than 7%.

Keep blood pressure readings below 140/80 mmHg if uncomplicated or below 135/80 mmHg if cardiovascular complications are present.

Check your blood lipids every year.

Lifestyle change

- Build a healthy diet with lots of fresh fruits, vegetables, fish, whole grains, foods with low glycemic index; Limit the use of canned and processed foods, animal fats, and oils that are recycled many times.
- Eat light, low sugar.

- Limiting alcohol intake.

- Exercise regularly.

- Maintain a healthy weight. This is done through diet and exercise.

- Avoid stress.

- No smoking.

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Diabetes is a very serious medical condition which causes abnormally high than normal blood glucose levels, resulting in excessive and prolonged carbohydrate intake leading to excessive fat storage. Diabetes is usually diagnosed when symptoms are apparent, with age of approximately 20 years. In some cases, diabetes can be inherited but it often occurs later in life, after the sufferer has developed a few other illnesses such as heart failure, stroke, obesity or chronic liver disease.

It is not difficult to learn about diabetes because the condition itself is quite well known and is explained by the name ‘diabetes’. However, there are many different types of diabetes, and different ways to treat the disease. If you are concerned that you may have diabetes, please contact your doctor or health care provider immediately to arrange tests, medication and advice.

There are two main ways in which the body makes insulin, both from the islet of Langerhans in the pancreas and from the islets of Isletaceae in the liver. The pancreas is required to secrete more insulin to raise blood glucose levels and maintain health. However, the liver is only needed to secrete insulin when food is needed. There are basically two types of cells which secrete insulin: the islet cells which make insulin from glucose, and the islet cell which produces insulin in response to a protein molecule called insulin-stimulating factor (ISF), both of which are present in the pancrease and liver.

There are many different classes of diabetes medications; the most common type of medication for people with diabetes is glucose-lowering medication or glucose-reduction medication. These medications are usually taken in combination with other medications, usually oral medications or insulin. Other types of diabetes medications include antihypertensive medications, antiplatelets, and antidiuretics. The primary objective of these medications is to control or reduce the amount of glucose produced by the body. In essence, these drugs attempt to reverse the increase in blood glucose production caused by the diabetes. Many diabetics also use a special type of medication known as aminophylline, which suppresses hunger and reduces the amount of glucose excreted by the kidney.

Scientists believe that there are only two types of diabetes: the first is Type I, in which there is no evidence of damage or disease in the cells, and the second is Type II, which shows evidence of damage to one or more cells. There are genetic predispositions to either type of diabetes, as well as other factors such as diet and lifestyle. It is not possible to cure either type of diabetes. However, new methods of treating diabetes have been developed over the last few decades. The most common form of treatment for both types of diabetes is medicine, with a great majority of patients using insulin as their primary medication.

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Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Complications of type 2 diabetes on the heart should not be taken lightly as well as this measure to balance. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Diabetes Complications !

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