Identify the causes of arthritis and how to prevent it

Identify the causes of arthritis and how to prevent it

Arthritis is a common disorder that affects the joints, causing persistent pain and swelling that limits the patient's range of motion. The disease is divided into many forms with different etiologies. Once you know the common causes of arthritis, you'll have specific treatment and prevention guidelines.

What is the cause of arthritis

There are over 100 different types of arthritis including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis. Of these, the two most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The causes of these two diseases are completely different, specifically as follows:

Causes of Osteoarthritis

What is the cause of arthritis

Articular cartilage is a hard and smooth coating at the ends of bones that cushion the ends of bones so that the joints move smoothly without friction. In osteoarthritis, joint cartilage wears down, degrades, or becomes damaged. When enough cartilage wears down, the two bones grind directly against each other, causing pain and limitation of movement. Wear and tear can progress slowly over many years due to osteoarthritis, or it can be rapid due to joint injury or infection.

Causes of rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. Normally, the immune system helps protect the body from infection and disease. For some reason, this immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in the joint, starting with the outer covering of the joint (synovial membrane). The synovial membrane is painful and inflamed, releasing substances that are harmful to nearby organs such as bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments.

If treatment is delayed for rheumatoid arthritis, joints gradually lose shape and internal alignment. The joint may eventually be completely destroyed.

causes of rheumatoid arthritis

Doctors don't know exactly what causes rheumatoid arthritis. However, genetic factors can also contribute to the increased prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis. Because people with the same genes in the family are more likely to respond to environmental factors, such as being infected with certain viruses or bacteria that can cause the disease.

In addition, other forms of arthritis can be caused by: accumulation of too many uric acid crystals (causing gout), infection, autoimmune disease such as psoriasis or lupus,...

Factors that increase the risk of arthritis

Some of the factors below can also be indirect causes of arthritis include:

Heredity: Your risk of developing arthritis is increased if a parent or sibling has had it. Certain genes make you more likely to develop factors that increase your risk of arthritis.

Age: The risk of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout increases with age, usually starting in middle age.

Gender: Women who have not given birth have a higher risk of rheumatoid arthritis than men, while the proportion of men with gout is higher due to lifestyle habits.

Previous joint damage: It is more likely that a joint that has been injured in the past will become inflamed in the future.

Smoking: Smoking increases your risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, as well as making arthritis symptoms worse. If the mother smokes during pregnancy or in the early years of a child's life, the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis in the child is also increased later in life.

Obesity: Excess weight puts stress on joints, especially your knees, hips, and spine. Obesity can cause knee arthritis and increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis.

arthritis causes and risk factors

Prevent

In many cases, you can relieve symptoms or prevent arthritis with the following:

Lose weight: If you are obese, losing weight will help reduce stress on your joints. This can increase mobility and limit long-term joint injuries.

Exercise: Regular exercise can help keep joints flexible. Swimming and water aerobics can be good options because the buoyancy of the water reduces stress on weight-bearing joints.

Apply heat or cold: Applying heat with warm water or applying ice can help relieve pain from arthritis.

Assistive devices: Using canes, insoles, walkers, raised toilet seats, and other assistive devices can help protect joints and improve ability to perform everyday tasks.

Hopefully, through this article, you have better understand the causes of arthritis and have effective ways to prevent the disease.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Arthritis as well as quick pain relief. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Arthritis !


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>>> You can refer to: Knee swelling (knee pain)

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