Learn about Gout

Learn about Gout

In order to prevent and control the disease in the most effective way, the patient must adhere to a reasonable diet, have regular check-ups, adhere to a prolonged treatment regimen: The first time, the first follow-up visit after 2 weeks, then every month, when stable, you can re-examine after 3-6 months.

Along with other metabolic diseases such as diabetes, lipid metabolism disorders, obesity, gout is increasing in developed countries as well as in Vietnam. If we know how to apply a reasonable diet, adhere to a treatment regimen and closely monitor the disease, we can completely prevent and control the disease.

Mechanism of the disease gout

Due to increased uric acid in the blood (> 420 mol/l for men and > 360mol/l for women, when it is increased it will be deposited in organs and organizations of the body in the form of urate crystals (in the form of urate crystals). Synovial membrane causes arthritis; in the kidney, it causes interstitial nephritis, urinary stones gradually lead to kidney failure; cartilage: joint cartilage, ear cartilage; in subcutaneous tissues: elbows, ankles, and knees, tophy particles are formed. ...)

However, if the blood uric acid is normal, it does not rule out the diagnosis, and vice versa, if the uric acid level in the blood is high but there are no clinical symptoms, it does not make the diagnosis of gout. Uric acid should not be used as a standard for definitive diagnosis, but only meaningful in supporting diagnosis and monitoring in treatment.

Subjects prone to gout

Men (male/female ratio: 9/1) obese, people with metabolic syndrome, heavy use of alcohol, eating foods low in purines as listed below.

In addition, it is also common in people with kidney failure, while being treated with some anti-tuberculosis drugs, blood diseases, cancer or prolonged use of diuretics...

Symptoms of Gout

Sudden severe painful swelling of one or more asymmetrical joints

Symptoms of Gout

Common joints are: big toe joint, other metatarsal joints, knee joints, ankle joints. Elbows, wrists, and fingers (less commonly) can be completely healed within 2 weeks.

Treatment of Gout

Nutrition

- Avoid foods containing a lot of purines: animal organs (heart, liver, oval cavity); smoked pork; seafood (shrimp, crab, salmon, sardines); beans, asparagus, spinach; red meat (buffalo, cow, dog); sour foods (sour fruits, pickled foods).

- Avoid drinking beer, strong alcohol, can drink wine (150ml/day).

- Avoid taking diuretics and corticosteroids.

- Should drink a lot of water: about 2 liters / day (alkaline mineral water).

- Should eat a lot of green vegetables, carrots, cabbage, tofu.

- Can drink milk, eat eggs, eat white meat, fish.

- Vitamin C 500mg/day.

- Do not wear shoes that are too tight.

- In general, an energy-restricted diet because gout is often associated with other metabolic disorders.

gout diet
Drug treatment

In acute attacks treated with anti-inflammatory drugs. Long-term treatment with drugs to reduce uric acid in the blood.

In order to prevent and control the disease in the most effective way, the patient must adhere to a reasonable diet, have regular check-ups, adhere to a prolonged treatment regimen: The first time, the first follow-up visit after 2 weeks, then every month, when stable, you can re-examine after 3-6 months.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Learn about Gout as well as quick pain relief. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about gout !

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