What is AMD macular degeneration

What is AMD macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), also known as age-related macular degeneration, is an eye disorder that affects the ability to see, this is the main cause of blindness. There are two types of macular degeneration: dry macular degeneration (accounting for 80%) and wet macular degeneration. Both types often occur in older people.

Common symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of AMD macular degeneration

There are different signs and symptoms depending on the type of macular degeneration:

Dry macular degeneration

Decreased vision, blurred feeling when looking at something. As the disease gets worse, a blurred spot will appear in the center of your vision and it will get darker and darker, sometimes making it difficult to see in low light.

Wet macular degeneration

The most common symptom is that you will see a distorted central vision, such as straight lines becoming wavy. Or the central vision will appear a blurred spot, over time this blurred spot will gradually decrease the ability to see. The colors you see will also be less bright or you will have trouble seeing in low light.

You may experience other symptoms and signs not mentioned. If you have any questions about signs of illness, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

When do you need to see a doctor

See your doctor right away if you feel your vision is impaired or blurred spots appear in the center of your vision. The location and medical condition can be different in many people. Always discuss with your doctor to determine the best method of diagnosis, treatment and management for you.

The cause to the illness

What causes AMD macular degeneration

risk factors for age-related macular degeneration AMD

Depending on the type of macular degeneration (AMD), there are the following main causes:

Dry macular degeneration (macular degeneration):

Most commonly, it occurs when the light-sensitive cells in the macula are slowly depleted.

Wet macular degeneration (macular degeneration):

Occurs when abnormal blood vessels behind the retina begin to grow. These new blood vessels often rupture easily leading to bleeding in the macula. This is the main cause of vision loss later in life.

Risk of getting

Who usually gets AMD macular degeneration

The disease is common in people over 60 years of age, and women are also at high risk for this disease. You can limit your chances of getting the disease by minimizing your risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more detailed information about your case.

What factors increase the risk of AMD

There are many factors that can increase your risk of developing macular degeneration, including:

- Age: the older you are, the more susceptible you are to the disease, especially over the age of 60.

- Family history of macular degeneration.

- Smoke.

- People who are obese.

- Unhealthy diet.

Just because you don't have risk factors, doesn't mean you can't get the disease. The above signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist for more details.

Effective treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for medical professional advice. Always consult your doctor.

What medical techniques are used to diagnose AMD

What medical techniques are used to diagnose AMD

You will have a special medicine instilled into your eye, and your doctor will use a medical lens to view the retina, blood vessels, and optic nerve. You will also probably perform a test by looking at Amsler drawings with one eye. If what you see are wavy lines, you most likely have macular degeneration.

What methods are used to treat AMD

Early treatment is very important. If you have early stage macular degeneration (AMD), you should combine vitamins, antioxidants, and zinc along with quitting smoking to make the treatment more effective. Although this method will not restore your vision to the way it was, it can help prevent the disease from developing further. If dry macular degeneration is in its late stages, there is no treatment that can prevent vision loss.

Treatment of wet macular degeneration includes laser surgery or phototherapy. Neither can cure the disease completely, but can slow the rate of vision loss.

Newer treatments include injecting a monoclonal antibody into the eye and a factor that prevents endothelial vasodilatation from growing. However, this method will make you feel discomfort in your eyes and pain.

Suitable mode of living

What lifestyle habits help you limit the progression of AMD macular degeneration

The following lifestyle and lifestyle habits will help you limit the progression of macular degeneration:

- Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and fish and avoid foods high in fat.

What lifestyle habits help you limit the progression of AMD macular degeneration

- No smoking.

- Get regular eye exams and follow your doctor's orders.

- Only read books or do other highly concentrated activities when there is adequate light.

Hopefully, through the above article, you have a better understanding of What is AMD macular degeneration as well as measures to help you solve vision problems. Follow the new articles on Health life for You to stay up to date with useful information about Macular degeneration, impaired vision.

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