What should you pay attention to when planning a care plan for a type 1 diabetes patient

What should you pay attention to when planning a care plan for a type 1 diabetes patient

For people with type 1 diabetes, taking insulin every day is a fundamental part of keeping blood sugar levels under control. But this is only one aspect of planning for type 1 diabetes care at home.

Type 1 diabetes cannot be cured and requires lifelong treatment. At the same time, patients also need special care to minimize complications and be able to live long, healthy lives. So, what do you need to keep in mind when taking care of a diabetic? Let's find out with Health Life For You in this article !

What are the goals of care for a patient with type 1 diabetes

Before creating a care plan for a patient with type 1 diabetes, you need to understand the nature of the disease and the goals of patient care.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body can't make insulin on its own, the hormone that carries glucose in the blood into the cells to create energy for all activities. This causes blood sugar to rise, but the cells starve for the sugar. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed at an early age, mostly during adolescence.

Currently, there is no cure for type 1 diabetes. Therefore, ongoing treatment is necessary to stabilize blood sugar for the rest of life. Ideally, you should develop a diabetes care plan to help them stay healthier and enjoy a better quality of life.

The goal is to help children grow and develop normally, both physically and mentally, and to prevent other short- and long-term health problems such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, kidney disease, diabetes, and heart disease, foot ulcers

What should you pay attention to when planning a care plan for a type 1 diabetes patient

The planning of care for patients with type 1 diabetes is based on the needs of each patient and the indications of the specialist. In general, the care of patients with type 1 diabetes should pay attention to the following basic things:

Supporting patients on insulin

Diabetic Care Planning: Injecting insulin

Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes require insulin injections to keep blood sugar levels stable. Each patient will be assigned a different type of insulin and the daily schedule for insulin injections is different. Your doctor will constantly monitor your blood sugar and may adjust your insulin dose because needs can change as the patient gets older.

Most children with type 1 diabetes need insulin injections 2 or more times per day to control blood sugar. Often, a combination of two different types of insulin is needed to stabilize blood sugar levels both after and between meals.

Insulin is usually injected into the fat layer under the skin of the abdomen, hips, buttocks, arms, or thighs. The treating physician will guide the caregiver when and how to inject insulin, as well as the best injection sites, based on the patient's weight, age, and activity level. It is the caregiver's job to create a care plan for a patient with type 1 diabetes with specific dates and doses of insulin prescribed by the doctor to avoid confusion or errors.

Diet in the care plan for patients with type 1 diabetes

Diabetes Care Plan: A Healthy Diet

Eating a balanced, healthy, and punctual diet are important parts of a type 1 diabetes care plan. Children with diabetes need a diet that provides all of the nutrient groups. Nutrients necessary for the child's body to function and develop physically, but without causing high blood sugar.

A dietitian will help caregivers create a diabetic meal plan to keep blood sugar levels stable. A state of low blood sugar if the patient uses too much insulin or skips meals, or does not eat at the right time. Conversely, blood sugar levels will rise if the patient eats a lot of foods rich in carbohydrates (carbs).

Therefore, make sure the patient eats 3 meals and at least 1 snack a day with the right amount of carbohydrates. Limit foods high in fat and salt. Increase fiber-rich foods in your diet, such as green vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes.

Check your blood sugar regularly

Regular blood sugar control helps children with type 1 diabetes feel healthy, grow and develop normally, and also reduce their risk of long-term diabetes complications.

The treating doctor will teach the caregiver how to use the blood glucose meter. Diabetics will need to have their blood sugar checked at least three to four times per day or more. Include times like when you first wake up in the morning, before/after a meal, or before/after exercise. Consult with your doctor to know when and how often to check their blood sugar.

Diabetes Care Plan: Check Blood Sugar

In your type 1 diabetes care plan, keep a record of when and your blood sugar readings. If you have just started using the drug, but you do not see a decrease in blood sugar to the target level, or after a long time of treatment, your blood sugar is stable and there are signs of abnormal increase/decrease, you must notify your doctor. They will recheck and change the insulin dose if needed.

Before meals, normal blood sugar should be from 90 to 130mg/dL, 1 to 2 hours after eating should be below 180mg/dL and before going to bed is from 90 to 150mg/dL.

If blood sugar is too low and falls below 70 mg/dL, give the patient half a cup of fruit juice, a teaspoon of dried fruit, a candy bar, or 3-4 glucose tablets. They will raise blood sugar quickly, preventing hypoglycemia. After 15 minutes need to check again. If blood glucose level has increased to 100mg/dL.

Encourage increased physical activity

Encouraging patients to be active regularly, giving exercises appropriate to their health status is also an important part of planning for type 1 diabetes care.

Exercise can help keep blood sugar levels steady, reduce your risk of heart disease, and aid in weight loss. Besides, children also maintain a healthy weight, stabilize blood pressure, strengthen resistance and become more active. Therefore, encourage the patient to practice any sport he enjoys, for about 60 minutes a day.

Don't forget to check the patient's blood sugar before and after exercise. Do not exercise if your blood sugar is too high. If blood sugar drops below 100mg/dL, have the patient snack before exercise. Encourage patients to drink plenty of water or sugar-free liquids before, during, and after exercise.

Hopefully, through this article, it has helped you better understand how to plan for type 1 diabetes care. If your child or family member is suffering from this disease, do not worry but visit your doctor soon. and find the right treatment and care to help the patient live well with the disease !

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of What should you pay attention to when planning a care plan for a type 1 diabetes patient as well as this measure to balance. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about type 1 diabetes !


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