Treatment of knee arthritis: What to do and what not to do

Treatment of knee arthritis: What to do and what not to do

Osteoarthritis of the knee (OA of the knee) is a chronic condition that affects mainly the elderly. Because there is no specific medicine, patients being treated for knee arthritis need to know the "secrets" to be able to live with the disease as well as slow down the progression.

Osteoarthritis of the knee can cause chronic pain, limited range of motion, and reduced joint flexibility. People with knee arthritis will find it difficult to maintain quality of life and work performance if their symptoms are not controlled.

What you need to do when treating knee arthritis

In addition to the concern of "what to eat for knee pain" or "what to eat for joint pain", people with knee arthritis can take many steps to reduce knee pain, even if it is due to a recent injury. injured or have had arthritis for many years.


When knee pain occurs, you should stop what you are doing and rest. Pain is the body's signal when it has reached an intolerable threshold. If you continue to exercise, it will cause many bad effects on the joints.

Weight control supports the treatment of knee arthritis

Being overweight or obese can increase the complications of arthritis, putting pressure on the knee joint, making knee pain worse. Losing weight and maintaining a healthy weight is an effective and useful measure for people with knee arthritis. You can combine foods that are good for bones and joints to lose weight while still ensuring adequate nutrients, supporting knee joint protection.

Reasonable exercise to relieve knee pain

Reasonable exercise to relieve knee pain

Try to facilitate daily movement of the knee joint with gentle stretching exercises. Patients should practice walking, sitting, and standing appropriately to limit pain or further joint damage. Besides, you also need to know the balance between activities, rest, not overexertion.


Some people with osteoarthritis use acupuncture to treat knee arthritis. This traditional technique can take several weeks to improve symptoms of arthritis. However, not everyone is a good candidate for acupuncture. Patients need to consult their doctor before doing so.

Take medicine to treat knee arthritis to relieve pain and protect joints

So what drugs do people with knee arthritis take? People with osteoarthritis can supplement with glucosamine (1,500mg per day for 3-4 months) to help strengthen bones and joints, reduce knee pain.

Glucosamine is an amino-monosaccharide that the body can synthesize on its own, is a component of cartilage tissue in joints, but with age, this ability decreases. There are 3 forms of glucosamine used in the treatment: glucosamine sulfate, glucosamine hydrochloride and N-Acetylglucosamine. Of these, glucosamine sulfate, which has been used the most in studies and with the most extensive evidence of positive effects, is the crystalline glucosamine sulfate formulation, the stable form of glucosamine sulfate.

Worldwide, glucosamine is indicated for the purpose of “reducing symptoms of mild and moderate osteoarthritis of the knee”. Therefore, patients can use glucosamine to relieve pain and restore joint function before taking other drugs for knee arthritis.

In addition, some drugs to treat knee arthritis can be mentioned as paracetamol, oral and topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relievers, hyaluronic acid ...

What You Shouldn't Do When Treating Knee Arthritis

What You Shouldn't Do When Treating Knee Arthritis

People with knee pain should avoid smoking

Tobacco smoke contains harmful substances that can irritate the connective tissues around the joints. Secondhand smoke also releases toxins, which can lead to other joint problems, worsen arthritis symptoms, slow healing, or interact with medications.

Avoid negative thoughts when treating knee arthritis

People with arthritis knee pain also tend to be depressed when the pain interferes with most activities of the day. Therefore, patients need to try to think positively during the treatment of knee pain. The pain caused by arthritis of the knee can be persistent and become chronic, but there are ways to control and limit symptoms.

In addition, the patient can also perform therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, meditation, deep breathing, listening to relaxing music, hot or cold compresses and massage to ease the pain caused by the disease arthritis.

Note when exercising during the treatment of knee arthritis

Note when exercising during the treatment of knee arthritis

Physical inactivity can weaken muscles. Lack of support from already damaged muscles, cartilage and bones that have to work harder, making joint pain worse. Although exercise for people with knee pain will not be easy, in fact this is a way to treat knee pain, increase endurance as well as improve range of motion.

Patients can create a habit of exercise through sports activities that help build muscle groups around joints but do not damage joints, such as swimming, walking and cycling.

While it can be effective in treating knee pain, it's important to be aware that certain physical activities can do more harm than good. Exercises that are impactful or require repetitive motion can put extra strain on the knee. Therefore, patients should avoid jogging, jumping rope, playing tennis or aerobics... In addition, always warm up, warm up the body, use knee protectors before exercising to prevent injury and should not try to exercise too much.

Note when taking medicine for knee arthritis

Note when taking medicine for knee arthritis

Knee pain, what medicine to take to relieve pain and protect joints is always a question of many people with knee arthritis. Patients can use the following drugs to treat knee arthritis under the supervision of a doctor:

Paracetamol: Take paracetamol (acetaminophen) during pain onset up to a maximum dose of 4,000mg per day.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen also help relieve the pain of arthritis.

Apply pain reliever Initially, people with knee arthritis can use capsaicin at the lowest concentration, applying a very small amount on the knee to avoid burning the skin. If the patient is intolerant to capsaicin, the patient can apply anti-inflammatory salicylate.

Consider corticosteroid injections if you continue to have severe knee pain or are diagnosed with fluid accumulation. In addition, the patient can also be injected with hyaluronic acid, an artificial joint fluid that helps treat dry and stiff joints.

In addition, people who are being treated for knee arthritis should note to avoid:

Overuse of antirheumatic drugs: Care should be taken if paracetamol is used regularly or has comorbidities such as liver or kidney disease. In addition, NSAIDs can also cause many dangerous side effects, especially for people over 65 years old. Therefore, patients should seek further advice from their doctor.

Do not treat knee pain: Prolonged knee pain should not be tolerated without treatment. If knee arthritis has been diagnosed, the patient needs to adhere to the treatment regimen, take the daily dose of medicine and change the lifestyle to improve the condition.

Voluntary treatment: Patients should not self-administer oral measures that have not been determined to be reliable. If the joint pain does not show signs of relief or other accompanying symptoms appear, quickly go to the clinic or hospital for an accurate diagnosis by a doctor.

Hopefully this article has helped you to know the do's and don'ts when treating knee arthritis as well as answer the question "what medicine to take for knee joint pain?". People with knee pain should be careful with everyday things to avoid making the disease worse.

Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Treatment of knee arthritis: What to do and what not to do as well as quick pain relief. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Arthritis !

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