Diabetes and hypertension: The unlikely lin

Diabetes and hypertension: The unlikely link

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is very common in people with type 2 diabetes (diabetes mellitus). Although it is not known why there is such a significant correlation between diabetes and hypertension, it is not known. It is assumed that obesity, a high-sodium diet, and inactivity lead to a simultaneous increase in both diseases.

High blood pressure is known as a "silent killer" because it has no obvious symptoms. A 2002 survey by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) found that about 68% of people with diabetes didn't know they were also at increased risk of heart disease and stroke because of its association with high blood pressure chronic pressure.

Prolonged high blood pressure will make the heart muscle tired because it has to pump blood with high pressure and cause the heart muscle to gradually expand. In 2008, people with diabetes over 20 years old with blood pressure higher than 140/90 accounted for 67%.

In healthy people, a blood pressure of 140/90 is considered normal, but for patients with type 2 diabetes, doctors recommend keeping it lower than 135/80.

In it, the first number (135) is called the systolic blood pressure, which shows the pressure of blood due to the heart's contraction to pump away. The second number (80), called the diastolic pressure, is the pressure maintained in the arteries between the heartbeats.

Healthy people should have their blood pressure checked several times a year, but diabetics need to be extra cautious. In addition to having your blood pressure checked at least four times a year, experts recommend self-monitoring at home, keeping a record of your readings and talking to your doctor.

What factors increase the risk of developing high blood pressure with diabetes

The combination of type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure is especially dangerous and can significantly increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

What factors increase the risk of developing high blood pressure with diabetes

“Many studies over the past decade have found that lowering blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes significantly reduces mortality. Many experts believe that lowering blood pressure may be the single most important step that people with diabetes take, even more important than lowering blood sugar." Having type 2 diabetes with high blood pressure also increases your risk of developing diabetes complications, such as retinopathy, which can cause blindness and kidney disease.

There is also significant evidence that chronic hypertension can promote the development of cognitive problems associated with aging, such as Alzheimer's disease or dementia. This is because the blood vessels pumping to the brain can be blocked by fatty deposits in the vessel walls.

In addition to poorly controlled diabetes, there are many other factors that increase the risk of high blood pressure. Remember, your risk of heart attack or stroke is increased exponentially if you have more than one of these risk factors:

- Family history of heart disease

- Stress

- High-fat, high-sodium diet

- Sedentary lifestyle

- Old age

- Fat

- Smoke

- Eating too little potassium or vitamin D

- Drink a lot of alcohol

- Chronic diseases such as kidney disease or sleep apnea.

How can you prevent diabetes and high blood pressure from occurring together

You can make lifestyle changes to lower your blood pressure. Mainly diet and daily exercise (this is mandatory). Most doctors recommend brisk walking for 30 minutes a day, but aerobic exercise can also make your heart stronger. The American Heart Association recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week and/or 90 minutes of vigorous cardio exercise per week.

Work with your doctor to develop a reasonable exercise plan, especially if you haven't exercised before, are trying harder before, or if you're not reaching your fitness goals. training. Start with five minutes of brisk walking each day and build up over time. Take the stairs instead of the elevator, or park further away from the store entrance first.

Secrets to a healthier lifestyle

Hypertension

You have to get used to making changes to your eating habits, such as reducing sugar in your diet. If you want to be good for your heart, you must also cut back on salt, high-fat meats, and dairy products. Try these methods to make your meals more balanced:

- Add more vegetables to the meal

- Switch to low-fat dairy products

- Make sure processed foods contain less than 400mg of sodium

- Do not leave salt condiments on the table

- Choose lean meats and fish, or substitute meat

- Cook using low-fat methods such as baking (avoid fried foods)

- Eat much fruit

- Eat whole foods (not processed)

- Switch to noodles, wholemeal bread, brown rice

- Eat many small meals

- Don't skip breakfast

Treatment of high blood pressure with diabetes

Some people can reduce type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure with lifestyle changes, most need medication. Depending on your health condition, your doctor will prescribe you one or more medications to reduce your risk factors. Medicines for high blood pressure come in five different categories: ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, and diuretics. Some medications have side effects, so keep an eye on your symptoms while taking them and ask your doctor if you are taking certain other medications.

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