Effects of insulin resistance

Effects of insulin resistance

Insulin resistance may not cause any symptoms and can only be detected through a blood test.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. It helps cells absorb glucose (sugar) in the blood to convert it into energy. Your body will digest food containing carbohydrates and convert it into glucose into the bloodstream. Insulin, which is produced while you eat, helps the body maintain proper blood glucose levels by allowing glucose to be absorbed from the blood into the cells. This process lowers blood sugar, and cells use the glucose for energy.

Some people have problems using insulin properly. This condition is called insulin resistance. With insulin resistance, the pancreas produces insulin, but the cells don't make full use of the insulin's function. When insulin doesn't work properly, cells also don't absorb glucose properly, leading to a buildup of sugar in the blood. If your blood sugar is higher than normal but not yet reaching the threshold of type 2 diabetes, you are said to have prediabetes.

This is not entirely the reason why some people are insulin resistant and others are not. However, being overweight or obese increases the risk of the condition. A sedentary lifestyle or being overweight can lead to prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.

Effects of insulin resistance

blood sugar test

Unfortunately, insulin resistance often has no obvious symptoms. You can be insulin resistant for years without even knowing it, especially if you don't regularly test your blood sugar.

Some people with insulin resistance can develop acanthosis nigricans. Symptoms include dark patches on the neck, groin, and armpits. Acanthosis nigricans is a sign of insulin resistance, which carries a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Acanthosis nigricans has no cure, but if the cause is treated, skin color can return to normal. often.

Insulin resistance can cause potential damage to blood vessels, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.

You are at significant risk of developing diabetes if you have insulin resistance. Just like insulin resistance, people with type 2 diabetes may not feel any symptoms, especially in the early stages of the disease. Common symptoms of diabetes include feeling thirsty and urinating frequently. You can eat normally or even eat more than you need, and still feel hungry if you are sick. Type 2 diabetes can also cause nerve problems that lead to tingling sensations in the hands and feet. You may also feel more tired than usual if your diabetes is not well controlled.

Evidence in blood tests

Evidence in blood tests

A1C test. This test gives you an idea of ​​your average blood sugar over the past 2–3 months. You do not need to fast before this test. An A1C result below 5.6% is considered normal. An A1C result between 5.7 and 6.4% indicates prediabetes. An A1C result equal to or above 6.5% indicates diabetes. Your doctor may repeat this test on another day to confirm the diagnosis.

In addition to the A1C test, other blood tests can also check your blood sugar. A fasting blood sugar test – conducted after fasting or drinking for at least eight hours – will provide an indicator of your fasting blood sugar. If the results show a high reading, a second test to confirm the reading may be needed a few days later.

If there are no obvious symptoms, insulin resistance (diabetes and prediabetes) is usually detected through blood tests.<br /> One method to diagnose diabetes or prediabetes is <a data -event-category=A1C test. This test gives you an idea of ​​your average blood sugar over the past 2–3 months. You do not need to fast before this test. An A1C result below 5.6% is considered normal. An A1C result between 5.7 and 6.4% indicates prediabetes. An A1C result equal to or above 6.5% indicates diabetes. Your doctor may repeat this test on another day to confirm the diagnosis.

In addition to the A1C test, other blood tests can also check your blood sugar. A fasting blood sugar test – conducted after fasting or drinking for at least eight hours – will provide an indicator of your fasting blood sugar. If the results show a high reading, a second test to confirm the reading may be needed a few days later.

If two tests show high blood glucose levels, you are diagnosed with diabetes or prediabetes. A fasting blood sugar level below 100 mg/dl is considered normal. Levels between 100 and 125 mg/dl are diagnostic of prediabetes. Levels equal to or greater than 126 mg/dl are diagnostic of type 2 diabetes.

You can check your blood glucose levels any time of the day. For these “random” tests, blood sugar levels below 140 mg/dl are considered normal, levels between 140 and 199 mg/dl for prediabetes, and levels equal to or more than 200 mg /dl for the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes tests should begin at age 45, along with regular cholesterol and other health markers. Your doctor may order tests earlier if you are overweight and:

- Live a sedentary lifestyle.

- Have a low good (HDL) or high triglyceride level.

- Have a parent or sibling with diabetes.

- Be Indian-American, African-American, Latino, Asian-American, or Pacific Islander.

- Have high blood pressure (140/90 mmHg or higher).

- There are symptoms of insulin resistance.

- Have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes (a temporary condition that develops during pregnancy).

- Giving birth to a baby weighing more than 4 kg.

- Even if your test results come back in the normal range, you should still check your blood sugar at least every three years.

Prevent insulin resistance

Exercises to lose weight fast

If you exercise daily and have a balanced diet to maintain your weight within a healthy range, you can prevent diabetes. Losing weight and maintaining it is the best way to maintain normal insulin levels, cell function, and keep your blood sugar levels within the desired range. Staying physically active is also important.

It is important to remember that a diagnosis of insulin resistance or diabetes is a warning. The initial conditions of the disease can be improved if you make healthy lifestyle choices, and you can prevent type 2 diabetes. This is very important, because of complications from diabetes. This includes not only cardiovascular disease, but also problems with the kidneys, eyes, and nervous system.

You can develop insulin resistance, but you can still reverse the disease if you eat right and get regular physical activity throughout the week.

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>>> You can refer to: Age of onset of diabetes

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