How dangerous is type 2 diabetes to your health

How dangerous is type 2 diabetes to your health

Many people when diagnosed with type 2 diabetes immediately ask the question whether type 2 diabetes is dangerous? Indeed, this is a disease with a silent progression and causes many dangerous complications if the patient does not control blood sugar well.

When you hear about diabetes, you may simply think of higher-than-normal blood sugar levels without knowing the dangerous consequences of the disease on your health. Type 2 diabetes is called the "silent killer" because the disease progresses silently in the body for a long time, if we do not check our blood sugar, we will not detect the disease. Due to the initial increase in blood sugar but not yet causing complications and symptoms, patients often do not pay attention to early detection of the disease.

However, over time, when the sugar level is high and prolonged, the patient will show symptoms of the disease such as excessive thirst, drinking a lot, urinating a lot and losing weight quickly; or complications of the disease such as vision loss, kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, neurological disease, etc.

Types of diabetes

Type 2 diabetes

Normally, the amount of starch we eat will be broken down into glucose and absorbed into the blood. In the blood when glucose concentration is high (due to eating), the pancreas will secrete insulin, which is responsible for bringing glucose into the cells of body organizations such as liver, muscle tissue, adipose tissue, etc. to convert sugar into energy. for the life of the body. Therefore, blood sugar after eating will return to normal levels. Depending on the pathogenesis, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes is divided into 4 types, of which the two main types are type 1 and type 2.

Whereas type 1 diabetes is an absolute insulin deficiency caused by the secretory destruction of insulin by the pancreas through the immune pathway, type 2 diabetes is caused by a disorder in the use of insulin in the tissues of the body. body – also known as insulin resistance and/or impaired insulin secretion by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes usually accounts for 80-90% of all diabetes patients. Diabetes is common in people who are middle-aged, obese or overweight, and have a sedentary lifestyle. However, nowadays, due to the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in children, the age of type 2 diabetes is getting younger and younger.

In addition, there is also gestational diabetes, which is a blood sugar disorder that occurs only during pregnancy in a previously completely normal mother. After giving birth, the mother's blood sugar mostly returns to normal, but there are also cases that progress to true type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a high risk factor for type 2 diabetes later in life for the mother and baby.

Complications of diabetes if the disease is not stabilized

1. Coma with ketoacidosis and increased blood osmotic pressure

These are two emergency complications of uncontrolled high blood sugar. Ketoacidosis is common in patients with undiagnosed type 1 diabetes or in patients who have discontinued insulin injections. Increased blood osmotic pressure is common in patients with type 2 diabetes who have not been diagnosed with the disease or have favorable factors to cause it: acute illness, drug withdrawal, acute infection... These two complications have a high mortality rate. High mortality if not treated aggressively and promptly.

2. Diabetic retinopathy

Chronically elevated blood sugar affects the small blood vessels in the retina, causing vascular proliferation and retinal hemorrhages and secretions. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness today.

3. Diabetic kidney disease

Complications of diabetes

Similar to diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy is also a disease that damages the small blood vessels in the glomeruli, causing proteinuria. If not detected and treated promptly, the patient has a high risk of progressing to kidney failure. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney failure, requiring hemodialysis.

4. Diabetic Neuropathy

Hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes will cause disturbances and damage to metabolic processes and body tissues, including the nervous system. In general, the most common effects on the nervous system in people with diabetes are autonomic disorders with symptoms of gastroparesis (dyspepsia, bloating, nausea, vomiting when eating, etc.) longer-than-normal gastric retention), decreased bowel movements (diarrhea or constipation), bladder contractility disorders (urinary incontinence, urinary incontinence, urinary tract infections) and peripheral neuropathy with manifestations of numbness, paresthesia (burning, crawling sensation...) in the feet. Foot complications in patients with diabetes are very complicated complications due to nerve damage, atherosclerosis, infection (due to the patient's loss of sensation). This is one of the leading causes of disability today.

5. Vascular disease in the brain, heart, peripheral arteries

Diabetes and hyperlipidemia cause the large arteries in the brain, heart, legs and arms to harden and narrow. Depending on the location of the damaged artery, people with diabetes can have a stroke (cerebral blood vessel), myocardial infarction (coronary artery) or lower extremity blood vessel occlusion causing ischemia.

6. High blood sugar increases the risk of infections

Chronic high blood sugar disrupts and weakens the immune system, thereby creating conditions for infections to enter the body. Common infections in people with diabetes are:

- Tuberculosis: People with diabetes have a high risk of developing pulmonary tuberculosis.

- Urinary tract infections

- Female genital candidiasis

- Fungal infections: skin, esophagus...

- Dental diseases

- Shingles nerve.

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Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Food for people with type 2 diabetes: Which is good, which is not as well as this measure to balance. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Type 2 Diabetes !

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