Pre-diabetes is a blood sugar level that is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.

What is prediabetes

The cause of prediabetes is when the body doesn't make enough insulin after eating or the body doesn't have enough insulin. insulin cannot be absorbed.

Without intervention and treatment, prediabetes can turn into type 2 diabetes within 10 years or less. Prediabetes can still damage the heart and circulatory system long before diabetes occurs.

Common symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of prediabetes

blurred vision due to diabetes

In most cases, prediabetes has no symptoms. In other cases, symptoms such as thirst, frequent and frequent urination, fatigue and blurred vision are also present.

Another common sign is a change in skin color. A person's skin color tends to be darker (called black spines) especially around the neck, armpits, elbows, knees, and knuckles.

You may experience other symptoms and signs not mentioned. If you have any questions about the signs of illness, consult your doctor.

When do you need to see a doctor

You should contact your doctor if you have the following symptoms:

You are overweight and your BMI is over 25

Do you have a quiet, inactive lifestyle

You are aged 45 and over

Do you have a relative with type 2 diabetes

Are you African-American, Hispanic, Indian-American, Asian-American or Pacific Islander

You had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant or you gave birth to a baby weighing more than 4.1 kg

You have polycystic ovary syndrome – symptoms such as irregular periods, hirsutism and obesity

Do you have high blood pressure

Your blood fat test is higher than normal: HDL cholesterol less than 35 mg/dl or triglycerides above 250 mg/dl.

The cause to the illness

What are the causes of prediabetes

Is diabetes hereditary

Scientists still don't know the cause of prediabetes. However, some people think that genetics may play a role in increasing your risk factors.

This is because the genes that control insulin are abnormal, preventing your body from using insulin properly. From there, sugar will accumulate in the blood, causing high sugar levels. Excess fat can also lead to pre-diabetes.

Risk of getting

Who usually has pre-diabetes

Elderly people are more likely to get diabetes

Prediabetes is a common disease. You can prevent the disease by reducing your risk factors. Talk to your doctor for more information.

What factors increase the risk of prediabetes

There are many factors that increase the risk of prediabetes, such as:

Weight: Being overweight is a major risk factor for prediabetes. In particular, people with a BMI above 35 will be very susceptible to the disease.

Waist Size: Large waistline is one of the causes of insulin resistance.

Sedentary: The more sedentary you are, the higher your risk of prediabetes.

Age: Although prediabetes can develop at any age, your risk increases as you get older, especially after age 45.

Family history: Your risk of diabetes increases if your parents or siblings have type 2 diabetes.

Race: Although the reason is not clear yet, people of certain races – including African-Americans, Hispanics, Indians and Asians – are more likely to develop pre-existing conditions. diabetes.

Gestational diabetes: If you have gestational diabetes (a pre-diabetes condition that occurs when you're pregnant) your risk of developing diabetes is increased later in life. If you give birth to a baby weighing more than 4 kg, you also have a higher risk of developing prediabetes.

Polycystic ovary syndrome: This syndrome appears in women with symptoms such as irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism and obesity. This syndrome increases the risk of diabetes.

Sleep: Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which the patient stops breathing repeatedly during sleep, leading to poor sleep quality. People who work shift shifts or night shifts may experience sleep problems. Sleep problems may also increase the risk of diabetes or type 2 prediabetes.

Effective treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for medical professional advice. Always consult your doctor.

What medical techniques are used to diagnose prediabetes

Your doctor will perform 3 tests to diagnose prediabetes:

Test for A1C (also known as HbA1C). This test measures your blood sugar over two to three months. Normal HbA1C level is less than 5.7%. HbA1C levels between 5.7-6.4% are considered pre-diabetes. Over 6.5% through two tests is diagnosed as diabetes.

Fasting blood sugar test. Your doctor will take a blood sample after you haven't eaten overnight. A blood sugar level of 100-125 mg/dL (5.6-6.9 mmol/L) is considered pre-diabetes.

Oral glucose tolerance. This test requires you to fast overnight. Before the measurement, you will drink a glass of sugar water and wait for the sugar to enter your bloodstream. The doctor will then draw blood to measure the sugar level. A blood sugar level of 140-199 mg/dl (7.8-11.0 mmol/l) is considered pre-diabetes.

For all tests, the higher the sugar level, the greater the risk of developing diabetes.

What methods are used to treat prediabetes

Myths about type 2 diabetes

If you have prediabetes, the first line of treatment is lifestyle changes, which include changing your diet, engaging in regular exercise and movement. In which the two most important factors are regular exercise and weight loss. If you are overweight, prediabetes is more likely to become diabetes.

In some cases, your doctor may give you medication. One common drug for prediabetes is Glucofort (Glucofort®).

Suitable mode of living

What lifestyle habits help you limit pre-diabetes

exercise or play sports to prevent diabetes

You will be able to control prediabetes if you take measures such as quitting smoking, losing weight safely. Losing just 5% of your body weight can make a difference.

Currently, people with pre-diabetes often use herbal medicines to control blood sugar. People often use some herbs such as cinnamon, ginseng, glucomannan, gum guar, gymnema, soybean. Although some substances show promise in early trials, there is currently no clear evidence that any herb is effective.

If you have any questions, consult your doctor for the best treatment support.

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Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Prediabetes as well as this measure to balance. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Type 2 Diabetes !

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