Signs of pre-diabetes: The symptoms are easy to recognize

Signs of pre-diabetes: The symptoms are easy to recognize

Prediabetes is not a disease but a warning sign that you may have type 2 diabetes in the near future. In prediabetes, your blood sugar is higher than normal but not enough to be diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes.

Prediabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes within 10 years.

If you've been diagnosed with prediabetes, you should feel lucky because you can prevent type 2 diabetes by losing weight and making changes to your lifestyle.

Signs of pre-diabetes

General

Usually, you won't feel any specific symptoms or signs until you have severe diabetes complications. However, there is one sign of the risk of type 2 diabetes is the appearance of a dark or brown skin in certain parts of the body, known as acanthosis nigricans. It usually appears on the neck, armpits, elbows, knees, and knuckles.

You are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you have the following symptoms:

- Thirsty a lot

- Frequent urination

- Tired

- Blurred vision

You need to see your doctor if you are concerned about your diabetes or if you notice any of the signs or symptoms of type 2 diabetes (excessive thirst, frequent urination, feeling tired and blurred vision).

Factors that increase the risk of developing signs of prediabetes

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Factors that increase the risk of prediabetes similar to those of type 2 diabetes include:

Weight: Being overweight is a major risk factor for prediabetes. The more fatty tissue you have (especially within and between the muscles and skin around the abdomen) the more resistant the cells become to insulin.

Waist size: Large waistlines can indicate insulin resistance. The risk is increased for men with a waist circumference greater than 40 inches (102 centimeters) and women with a waist circumference greater than 35 inches (89 centimeters).

Sedentary lifestyle: The less active you are, the higher your risk of developing prediabetes. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses less blood sugar for energy, and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.

Age: Although diabetes can develop at any age, usually the risk of prediabetes increases as you get older, especially after age 45. This may be because people tend to exercise. less, lose muscle mass, and gain weight with age.

Family history: The risk of prediabetes is increased if a parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes: If you had gestational diabetes, your risk of developing diabetes later in life is increased. If you give birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4.1 kg), you're also at increased risk for diabetes.

Polycystic ovary syndrome: For women, having polycystic ovary syndrome (a common condition characterized by irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism, and obesity) increases the risk of diabetes.

Sleep: Many studies have linked sleep problems (such as sleep apnea) to an increased risk of insulin resistance. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that causes breathing to be interrupted repeatedly during sleep, resulting in decreased sleep quality. People who work shift shifts or night shifts are at increased risk for sleep problems, which in turn lead to a higher risk of prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.

What are the tests to diagnose prediabetes

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According to the CDC, diagnostic tests for prediabetes may include:

Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) test: This blood test shows your average blood sugar level over the past 2–3 months. It measures the ratio of blood sugar to hemoglobin (an oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells). The higher your blood sugar, the more hemoglobin you have attached to the sugar.

Certain circumstances can cause an HbA1C test to be inaccurate, such as if you are pregnant or have an abnormal form of hemoglobin.

The following are other tests your doctor may use to diagnose prediabetes:

Fasting blood sugar test: Your doctor will take a blood sample after you have fasted for at least eight hours or overnight.

Oral glucose tolerance: This test is rarely used to diagnose diabetes unless you are pregnant. A blood sample will be taken after you have fasted for at least eight hours or overnight. You will then drink a sugary solution, and your blood sugar will be measured again in two hours.

If your blood sugar is normal, your doctor may recommend a screening test every three years. If you have diabetes, your doctor will order more tests if they feel they need it. For example, your doctor will check your fasting blood sugar, HbA1c, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides at least once a year, possibly more often if you have additional risk factors. diabetes.

What can you do to control the signs of prediabetes

Exercise to control signs of prediabetes

You can get your blood sugar levels back to normal by choosing a healthy lifestyle. Although some people develop type 2 diabetes even after they have lost weight, in most cases losing weight will reduce your risk of the disease.

Here are some recommendations to help you prevent prediabetes from progressing to diabetes:

Have a healthy diet.

Weight loss: Losing 5-10% of your weight can make a huge difference.

Daily exercise: Choose an exercise that you enjoy, like walking. Try being active for at least 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week. You can start off with a shorter workout and then gradually build up to a half-hour workout. Consult your doctor before exercising.

Quitting smoking.

Treatment of high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

Take medication as directed. Depending on other risk factors, your doctor may prescribe medication to lower cholesterol or blood pressure or help prevent diabetes.

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