Diagnosing type 2 diabetes

Diagnosing type 2 diabetes

Being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (type 2 diabetes) can be a real shock to many people. However, be optimistic because you can control the disease by understanding its principles, and having an appropriate diet and lifestyle.

If the disease is not detected and controlled in time, you can suffer from:


Heart disease

Kidney disease

Lower limb amputation.

People with diabetes are twice as likely to die as people of the same age without diabetes.

Treatment can prevent many serious complications of diabetes. That is why it is so important to diagnose the disease as early as possible.

Who needs screening for type 2 diabetes

Who needs screening for type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can be diagnosed through the initial symptoms:

Urinating more or more often



Cuts or sores that don't heal

Blurred eyes

Usually, you can diagnose the disease through routine screening tests. In general, routine screening for diabetes begins at age 45. You may need to be tested earlier if:



Have a family history of type 2 diabetes

Have a history of gestational diabetes or have a baby weighing more than 4 kg

Belonging to certain races (African-American, Native American, Asian and Pacific Islander)

Low levels of good cholesterol (HDL) or high triglycerides

How do doctors diagnose type 2 diabetes

How do doctors diagnose type 2 diabetes

Some of the following tests are used to detect the disease:

Hemoglobin A1C test

The glycated hemoglobin (A1c) test helps measure long-term blood sugar control. The test allows your doctor to determine your average blood sugar level over the previous several months.

This test measures the ratio of blood sugar to hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells. The higher your hemoglobin A1C, the higher your blood sugar.

An A1C level of 6.5% or higher on two different tests indicates that you have diabetes. Results ranging between 5.7 and 6.4% indicate prediabetes. The normal level is less than 5.7%.

The hemoglobin A1C test helps monitor your blood sugar control after you've been diagnosed with diabetes. You should check the A1C several times a year.

Fasting blood sugar test

Fasting blood sugar test

Your doctor may also order a fasting blood sugar test. In this case, a blood sample will be taken for testing after you have fasted overnight.

A normal fasting blood sugar level is less than 100 mg/dl (5.6 mmol/l). If it is between 10 and 125 mg/dl (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/l) it means you have prediabetes. If the reading is 126 mg/dl (7 mmol/l) or higher on two different tests, you have type 2 diabetes.

Random blood sugar test (no fasting)

Random blood sugar test (no fasting)

In some cases, the hemoglobin A1C test is not appropriate. For example, as in pregnant women, or those with a hemoglobin variant. For these people, random blood sugar testing can be used instead.

A random blood sugar test can be done at any time. The test shows blood sugar levels without looking at your last meal.

Blood glucose values ​​are expressed in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) or millimoles per liter (mmol/l). It doesn't matter when your last meal was, a random blood sugar test result of 200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l) or higher indicates that you have diabetes. This is especially true if you already have symptoms of diabetes.

A blood sugar level between 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/l) and 199 mg/dl (11.0 mmol/l) indicates prediabetes. A normal blood sugar level is less than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/l).

Oral glucose tolerance test

An oral glucose tolerance test also requires you to fast overnight. You will have a fasting blood sugar test. You will then drink a sugary liquid.

Once you're done, your blood sugar will be checked periodically for several hours. After two hours, a normal blood sugar level is less than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/l). If, after two hours, your blood sugar is higher than 200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l), you have diabetes. Between these two levels, you have prediabetes.

The glucose tolerance test is also used to diagnose gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

What should you do after being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes

Diagnosing diabetes is just the first step. Once you know you have diabetes, you must take control of the situation by following all instructions and by scheduled medical appointments. Having your blood tested and monitoring your symptoms are important steps to ensuring long-term health.

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Hopefully, through the above reading, you have a better understanding of Age of onset of diabetes as well as this measure to balance. Stay tuned for new articles of Health Life For You to update useful information about Type 2 Diabetes !

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>>> You can refer to: Effects of insulin resistance

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